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PAHO-USAID Partnership

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The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have a long history of partnering their efforts with the aim to strengthen health priority areas in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Region.  Following the completion of the 2007-2011 Umbrella Grant Agreement, PAHO and USAID signed a new three-year agreement in 2011 with the overarching goal to achieve improved health outcomes in tuberculosis and maternal and neonatal health in LAC.


aThe components of this grant agreement are divided into four cross-cutting themes
a

a Cross-Cutting Theme 1: Health Services Delivery

a Objective: Improved capacity of public health providers to deliver responsive, effective and quality health services in TB and maternal and neonatal health that are gender sensitive and culturally appropriate.

a Outcomes focus on the following areas:

Outcome 1.1: Strengthened use of evidence based neonatal interventions (EBNI) in health facilities of the Region.

Outcome 1.2: Improved national neonatal plans and policies guided by neonatal plans of action within a continuum of care approach.

Outcome 1.3: Strengthened response to MDR and XDR-TB in the Americas through the implementation of national expansion MDR-TB plans.

Outcome 1.4: Strengthened routine systems for effective implementation of DOTS.


a Cross-Cutting Theme 2: Health Workforce

a Objective: Improved competencies of the health care workforce, with emphasis on the first level of care, to deliver services and interventions in TB and maternal and neonatal health, with a gender and culturally sensitive approach.

a Outcomes focus on the following areas:

Outcome 2.1: Strengthened midwifery in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Outcome 2.2: Strengthened capacity of human resources in health to prevent and control MDR and XDR-TB in the Americas.

Outcome 2.3: Strengthened health systems at the national and subnational levels through capacity building for the implementation of EPHF.


a Cross-Cutting Theme 3: Health Information Systems

a Objective: Improved health information and surveillance systems at all levels of the health sector through the dissemination of best practices to produce reliable, disaggregated and timely information under the framework of RELACSIS with focus on MDR-TB and maternal and neonatal health.

a Outcomes focus on the following areas:

Outcome 3.1: Strengthened health information systems at the regional, subregional and national level, with a gender and ethnic perspective.

Outcome 3.2: Improved prevention, diagnosis and treatment of congenital syphilis (CS) and better surveillance through the establishment of a regional network.

Outcome 3.3: Improved national planning capacity in neonatal health guided by countries’ neonatal and child profiles.

Outcome 3.4: Strengthened epidemiological surveillance of MDR-TB. 


a Cross-Cutting Theme 4: Leadership and Governance

a Objective: Improved national health authority capacity to monitor and evaluate its functions and performance at all levels of the system and to guide national health policies and plans (cuts across all of the others.)

a Outcomes focus on the following areas:

Outcome 3.1: Strengthened policy dialogue in maternal health at the regional and national level.

Outcome 3.2: Regional Neonatal Interagency Alliance strengthened to promote and support national policies and activities in newborn health in the context of the continuum of care approach.

Outcome 3.3: Improved national planning capacity in neonatal health guided by countries’ neonatal and child profiles.

Outcome 3.4: Increased capacity of national authorities to secure sustainable political commitment and resources to institutionalize core capacities for surveillance and response, including at Points of Entry.

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