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The health, growth and development of the foetus depend on the nutritional
status of the mother before conception and during pregnancy. Women who
are underweight or overweight at the time of conception are at a greater
risk of developing complications during pregnancy, labour and delivery and having premature and low birth weight infants. However, once pregnant, women should not try to lose weight but should have adequate nutrition throughout pregnancy as this is the time when the foetus requires extra nutritional requirements which can only be met by dietary intake and body stores.

As a follow-up to the first issue on physical activity, Nyam News continues this series by showing how physical activity can be promoted.

Garlic is a member of the lily family (Liliaceae). It is also closely related
to the onion, shallot, leek and chive. There are many varieties of garlic
but the most widely used variety is Allium sativum, which is the garlic
used as a spice. The majority of the plant is considered edible including
the leaves, stems and flowers. These are usually consumed while immature.
The most commonly used part is the underground bulb, which is comprised
of several cloves joined together and encased in a papery covering.

Adults should choose a variety of nutrient rich foods containing vitamins,
minerals, carbohydrates and proteins and foods low in fat to be healthy
and for the prevention of chronic diseases. Research has shown that
excess intakes of fat, sugar, cholesterol, salt and alcohol are contributing
factors to many illnesses including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and
cancer. It is very important that adults balance their energy intake food
with physical activity in order to maintain an appropriate body weight and
to prevent the accumulation of fat which leads to obesity.

Children aged two to five years have high energy and nutrient needs
because of their continued growth and development.  To ensure that
the preschooler’s diet is nutritionally adequate, it should be based on a
wide variety of foods from the six food groups.  This will provide sufficent
energy and nutrients required for good health and physical and mental

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