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From official sources (F.O.) and media (M.C.). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/15/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfires update. (12-15 April) 15 dead, 11,000 affected and 12,400 people evacuated. Of the evacuees, 1,018 are in nine shelters. 2,300 homes are damaged. There is an increase in respiratory illness cases due to the smoke. The majority of victims remain in the affected areas. The fire continues to have some active focal points. Response: Health authorities are reorganizing and increasing health services capacity. Seven mental health teams are working in shelters and vaccination being implemented for those sheltered as well as volunteers. Trucks are distributing water and water tanks are being installed in shelters. There is a health alert for the Valparaíso region. The Government has sent humanitarian aid and emergency temporary homes to Valparaíso. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI, CONAF, ESVAL, PAHO Office in Chile)

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapaca regions. 8.2M earthquake update (1-15 April). A 5.3 magnitude aftershock occurred with no reports of further damages. Total: 21,813 people affected, 912 people in nine shelters, and 15,300 damaged homes. Iquique Hospital is 80% operational and a mobile unit is supporting a health center in Alto Hospicio, but the rest of the health network is fully operational. (o.s: ONEMI, Chile Seismology, PAHO Office in Chile)

Nicaragua 4/15/2014

Earthquake update (10-14 April). Total: 2 dead, 266 injured, and 6,628 people affected in Nagarote. 1,585 people were evacuated; of them, 710 people are in shelters in Managua (647) and Nagarote (67). There are minor damages, such as cracks, in 22 health facilities, and 2,375 homes are affected. Shallow seismic activity continues near Motobombo volcano. Response: Medical brigades mobilized, health services reorganized, and field hospitals deployed as a preventive measure in Managua. The majority of medical consults have been mental health related. UN Agencies offered technical assistance and international organizations are on alert. Cuba and Venezuela sent humanitarian aid as well as seismologists to provide technical support. An extreme red alert has been declared on the national level. (o.s: UNETE, Government of Nicaragua, INETER, PAHO Office in Nicaragua; m: El 19 Digital)

Bolivia 4/15/2014

Floods update (January-14 April): In Guayamerín, the water level is decreasing, but the state of emergency continues due to the possibility of the Mamoré river rising. Seven rivers accros the country are on red alert. Beni department continues to receive support. (o.s: Hydrographic Naval Service; m: Prensa Latina, FM Noticias)

Colombia 4/15/2014

Cauca department. Update on displacement in Guapí (14 March-12 April). Clashes cause an additional 137 people to be displaced. 428 people return to Joanico, but 378 still remain in shelters. (f.o: OCHA Colombia)

Chile 4/15/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfires update. (12-15 April) 15 dead, 11,000 affected and 12,400 people evacuated. Of the evacuees, 1,018 are in nine shelters. 2,300 homes are damaged. There is an increase in respiratory illness cases due to the smoke. The majority of victims remain in the affected areas. The fire continues to have some active focal points. Response: Health authorities are reorganizing and increasing health services capacity. Seven mental health teams are working in shelters and vaccination being implemented for those sheltered as well as volunteers. Trucks are distributing water and water tanks are being installed in shelters. There is a health alert for the Valparaíso region. The Government has sent humanitarian aid and emergency temporary homes to Valparaíso. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI, CONAF, ESVAL, PAHO Office in Chile)

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapaca regions. 8.2M earthquake update (1-15 April). A 5.3 magnitude aftershock occurred with no reports of further damages. Total: 21,813 people affected, 912 people in nine shelters, and 15,300 damaged homes. Iquique Hospital is 80% operational and a mobile unit is supporting a health center in Alto Hospicio, but the rest of the health network is fully operational. (o.s: ONEMI, Chile Seismology, PAHO Office in Chile)

The Cholera Epidemic Maintains its Hold in Haiti

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There are currently 30 CTCs, 169 CTUs, and 766 ORPs functioning in-country. The end of the rainy season has contributed to a considerable drop in cholera cases. Currently, an average of 300 cases per day has been observed all over the country, in comparison to 500 cases per day in November. The department currently reporting the highest mortality rates is West. The number of cholera cases is stable or decreasing in the departments of North, North-East, Artibonite, Center, West, South-East, South and Grand Anse, whereas cases in the North-West, are increasing and in Nippes department, the situation can be described as unstable with small peaks.

Cholera Haiti Health Cluster Bulletin 30 (Dec 21 2011) 

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    Cholera in Disaster Situations

    Cholera Bacteria

    Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by toxigenic Vibrio cholerae, group O-1 or O-139. Natural and man-made disasters which produce overcrowding, a scarcity of safe drinking water, improper elimination of human waste, and the contamination of food during or after its preparation are risk factors for the spread of the disease.

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    Japanese version now available! 

    Management of the dead is one of the most difficult aspects of disaster response. It has profound and long-lasting consequences for survivors and communities. Globally, disasters claim thousands of lives each year. However, care of the deceased is often overlooked in disaster planning. This Field Manual for First Responders, available in English, French, Spanish and Japanese, presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.

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