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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (F.O.) and media (M.C.). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/16/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-16 April). 12,500 people have been affected, 943 people are in eight shelters, and 2,900 homes are destroyed. The fire is still active. Response: Six mobile health posts and a field clinic are providing medical attention in the affected areas. Vaccine administration continues via the mobile units. Mental health care is being provided in shelters and ophthalmology services are provided in two schools. (o.s: Ministerio de Salud, ONEMI,  Oficina de OPS en Chile)

Nicaragua 4/16/2014

Earthquake update (10-14 April). Total: 1,585 evacuees are in three shelters. 32 health facilities have cracks and 3,775 homes are damaged. Seismic activity continues. Response: Managua and Jinotepe hospitals reorganize emergency services for safety reasons; damage evaluation is in progress. Two hospitals in Chinandega and Managua relocate their patients and three field hospitals are set up as preventive measures. Seven medical brigades are deployed in five municipalities. Water quality is being monitored. Venezuela sent four seismic stations to reinforce the monitoring network. An extreme red alert on the national level continues to be in effect. (o.s: UNETE, INETER, Oficina de OPS en Nicaragua; m: El Nuevo Diario).

Colombia 4/16/2014

Atlántico department. Sabanalarga municipality. Strong winds caused damages to the roofs of 100 homes; there are no reports of health damages. Four municipalities experienced power outages. Local response, evaluation in progress. (El Espectador, Caracol).

Ecuador 4/16/2014

Esmeraldas province. Floods update in Quinindé (10-15 April). 338 people are affected, water and electricity services have been cut and 35 homes are destroyed. Crops have also been affected and it is difficult to access the affected area. Local response with national support. (o.s: SNGR)

Chile 4/16/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-16 April). 12,500 people have been affected, 943 people are in eight shelters, and 2,900 homes are destroyed. The fire is still active. Response: Six mobile health posts and a field clinic are providing medical attention in the affected areas. Vaccine administration continues via the mobile units. Mental health care is being provided in shelters and ophthalmology services are provided in two schools. (o.s: Ministerio de Salud, ONEMI,  Oficina de OPS en Chile)

Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile - Disaster Chronicle and Lessons Learned

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On February 27, 2010 Chile was struck by a 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit coastal areas in a long stretch of the country. The most affected regions were Maule and Bio Bio, with heavy loss of lives and public and private property, and major damage to the health infrastructure. This earthquake has been considered one of the five most powerful recorded in modern history.

PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health decided that it was necessary to prepare a technical paper as a chronicle, describing the facts, analyzing the impact and the country's and international response to the health sector. Secondary sources were used to gather information for the document--emergency regulations, situation reports, preliminary assessments, records and minutes, among other documents-- as well as interviews with different authorities and health teams in Santiago, Talca and Concepción, and wil ONEMI authorities from Maule and Bío Bío.

The first chapter of the publication describes the demographic, social, economic and seismic aspects of the country, a description of the earthquake and tsunami, as well as the damage caused by the event and its economic impact. The second chapter deals with the national response to the disaster, making an overview of the institutions interventions, the needs generated by the event, and identifies critical and facilitating factors of the response. The third chapter describes health sector damages and response to the disaster, including emergency operations to mitigate the impact of the event on public health and for the recovery of the health services. The fourth chapter contains important lessons learned for the health sector.

The publication is available for download (as a PDF file) in Spanish only.

 

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