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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

Nicaragua 4/17/2014

Earthquake update (10-17 April). Managua Lake has experienced changes in temperature and a regression of the water level. Seismic activity has started south of Xiloa Laguna, and continues in the Xolotlán Lake zone. 600 families are in three shelters and 3,000 evacuees have gone to family members’ homes. Response: Evacuation of two hospitals in Managua and Chinandega is in process, and medical brigades continue to be deployed. Authorities are monitoring the water and evaluation of the situation is in progress. Structures that represent a danger are being demolished. (o.s: INETER, UNETE, PAHO Office in Nicaragua; m: El 19 Digital, La voz del Sandinismo.

Canada 4/17/2014

Quebec province. 632 people are evacuated due to floods. Roads are affected; local and provincial response. (o.s: Government of Quebec. m: Toronto Sun, Prensa Latina)

Peru 4/17/2014

Ubinas volcano. Six moderate explosions are registered as well as an increase in sulfur dioxide emissions. Ash falls on eleven communities in a radius of 20km, and forecasts estimate further dispersion to the north and northeast. 1,038 people are affected in five communities. Cases of conjunctivitis and mental health have increased. Response: Health authorities mobilize brigades for medical and psychological attention, environmental monitoring, and to distribute masks. The population of Querapi was evacuated and other evacuations are being prepared. National level is sending humanitarian assistance, and the alert level has risen to “orange.” (o.s: Ministry of Health, INDECI, Paho Office in Peru; m: Andina, RPP, El Comercio)

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile - Disaster Chronicle and Lessons Learned

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On February 27, 2010 Chile was struck by a 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit coastal areas in a long stretch of the country. The most affected regions were Maule and Bio Bio, with heavy loss of lives and public and private property, and major damage to the health infrastructure. This earthquake has been considered one of the five most powerful recorded in modern history.

PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health decided that it was necessary to prepare a technical paper as a chronicle, describing the facts, analyzing the impact and the country's and international response to the health sector. Secondary sources were used to gather information for the document--emergency regulations, situation reports, preliminary assessments, records and minutes, among other documents-- as well as interviews with different authorities and health teams in Santiago, Talca and Concepción, and wil ONEMI authorities from Maule and Bío Bío.

The first chapter of the publication describes the demographic, social, economic and seismic aspects of the country, a description of the earthquake and tsunami, as well as the damage caused by the event and its economic impact. The second chapter deals with the national response to the disaster, making an overview of the institutions interventions, the needs generated by the event, and identifies critical and facilitating factors of the response. The third chapter describes health sector damages and response to the disaster, including emergency operations to mitigate the impact of the event on public health and for the recovery of the health services. The fourth chapter contains important lessons learned for the health sector.

The publication is available for download (as a PDF file) in Spanish only.

 

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