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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Mexico 4/18/2014

7.2 magnitude earthquake, 10km deep, 41 km south of Petatlán; felt in western and central states. No reports of deaths or injuries at the moment. Damages in IMSS Hospital in Zihuatanejo, mobile unit sent for support. Minor damages in public buildings in Guerrero. No major damages in Mexico City, some power outages. Response: Activation of protocols and evaluation of damages. (o.s: IMSS, Government of Guerrero; m: El Universal).

Nicaragua 4/18/2014

Earthquakes update (10-18 April). 1,446 people evacuated from unsafe buildings. Seismic activity continues. Response: Emergency plans updated in the health sector, clean water administered, and sanitation systems improved in shelters. Medical attention via brigades in five municipalities. Ecuador sends medical supplies and humanitarian assistance. (o.s: INETER, PAHO Office in Nicaragua, SNGR Ecuador; m: El 19 Digital).

Paraguay 4/18/2014

Misiones and Central departments. Floods affect 100 families in San Ignacio (Misiones) and five neighborhoods in Limpio (Central). National response, evaluation of damages, and distribution of humanitarian assistace. (o.s: SEN; m: ABC Color).

Peru 4/18/2014

Ubinas volcano. Evacuation of communities of Querapi and San Carlos de Titi, 100 people in total. Masks distribution in communities affected by ashfall. (o.s: INDECI).

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Health effects associated with volcanic eruptions in Chile and Argentina

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Puyehue Volcano in Chile, which last erupted in June causing the evacuation of 4,000 people, is once again showing signs of activity. Back in June, the National Emergency Office (ONEMI) maintained a Red Alert in communities from Los Lagos and Los Rios Regions. The city of Bariloche, in Argentina, was declared in a state of economic and social disaster as a result of the devastating effects of the volcano. Major roads, as well as crop areas, were covered by thick layer of ashes.

In this situation, the health sector response has been swift. Health facilities assist the population during extended hours and the national authorities have already sent to the area 310,000 masks, eye drops, chlorine tablets and water purification equipment. Health recommendations in these cases are aimed to ensure quality control of air and drinking water, to prevent diseases caused by volcanic ash and to maintain sanitary conditions in shelters and waste disposal, among others.

Most active volcanoes in the world are in Latin America and the Caribbean, and millions of people live in villages and towns located nearby. Throughout history, many of these volcanoes have shown great capacity for destruction. In order to avoid loss of lives and damages, PAHO/WHO continues to provide support to countries to prepare contingency plans in the health sector to deal with such emergencies.

Picture: Volcanic ash from Puyehue´s volcano. © Dr. Sergio Mora

 

Situation Report 1 Volcano Chile/Argentina June 9, 2011

 

                             Epidemiological surveillance diagram

                

For more information on volcanic eruptions, see the following PAHO/WHO material (in Spanish):

    Guía de Preparativos de Salud Frente a Erupciones Volcánicas.

    Los volcanes y la protección de la salud.

    Video - Los volcanes y la protección de la salud.

    Aprendiendo a vivir con el volcán, protegemos nuestra salud.

    Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis in the Health Sector during Disasters

    ¿Quién es usted señor volcán? 

 

Material from other organizations:

   The health hazards of volcanic ash (IVHHN and others)

   Guidelines on preparedness before, during and after an ashfall (IVHHN and others)

   Protocol for analysis of bulk ash samples (IVHHN and Durham University)

 

Scientific Articles:

   Respiratory health hazards of volcanic ash

   Cristobalite in a rhyolitic lava dome

    

We also recommend these links:

    International Volcano Health Hazard Network (IVHHN)
    Colombian Institute for Geology and Mines (SERNAGEOMIN)
   Basic recommendations for volcanic eruptions (ONEMI-Chile) - in Spanish

 

 

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