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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

Nicaragua 4/17/2014

Earthquake update (10-17 April). Managua Lake has experienced changes in temperature and a regression of the water level. Seismic activity has started south of Xiloa Laguna, and continues in the Xolotlán Lake zone. 600 families are in three shelters and 3,000 evacuees have gone to family members’ homes. Response: Evacuation of two hospitals in Managua and Chinandega is in process, and medical brigades continue to be deployed. Authorities are monitoring the water and evaluation of the situation is in progress. Structures that represent a danger are being demolished. (o.s: INETER, UNETE, PAHO Office in Nicaragua; m: El 19 Digital, La voz del Sandinismo.

Canada 4/17/2014

Quebec province. 632 people are evacuated due to floods. Roads are affected; local and provincial response. (o.s: Government of Quebec. m: Toronto Sun, Prensa Latina)

Peru 4/17/2014

Ubinas volcano. Six moderate explosions are registered as well as an increase in sulfur dioxide emissions. Ash falls on eleven communities in a radius of 20km, and forecasts estimate further dispersion to the north and northeast. 1,038 people are affected in five communities. Cases of conjunctivitis and mental health have increased. Response: Health authorities mobilize brigades for medical and psychological attention, environmental monitoring, and to distribute masks. The population of Querapi was evacuated and other evacuations are being prepared. National level is sending humanitarian assistance, and the alert level has risen to “orange.” (o.s: Ministry of Health, INDECI, Paho Office in Peru; m: Andina, RPP, El Comercio)

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

Floods in Central America

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Health authorities in Central America have been deploying field teams for damage assessment, surveillance, water and sanitation and mental health assessments, after heavy rains caused flooding and landslides in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

In addition to deaths and injuries, damages to health facilities and equipment and losses of health supplies have been reported. Respiratory infections as well as wound and skin infections are being reported from shelters. Standing water is known to increase mosquito populations, raising concerns in areas that are already known to have dengue. Gastroenteritis and leptospirosis are endemic in all four countries and flooding and displacement are expected to cause an increase in the number of cases of these diseases.

Preventive measures for the population include hand washing with water and soap or ash before preparing food, eating or feeding children and after defecating or handling the waste of children or people who are sick.

 PAHO EOC Situation Reports

Country Profiles

Technical Information on Floods

For technical information on floods and its impact on health, please go to:

Read more...

WHO Technical Notes on Drinking-water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Emergencies

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