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From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Mexico 4/18/2014

7.2 magnitude earthquake, 10km deep, 41 km south of Petatlán; felt in western and central states. No reports of deaths or injuries at the moment. Damages in IMSS Hospital in Zihuatanejo, mobile unit sent for support. Minor damages in public buildings in Guerrero. No major damages in Mexico City, some power outages. Response: Activation of protocols and evaluation of damages. (o.s: IMSS, Government of Guerrero; m: El Universal).

Nicaragua 4/18/2014

Earthquakes update (10-18 April). 1,446 people evacuated from unsafe buildings. Seismic activity continues. Response: Emergency plans updated in the health sector, clean water administered, and sanitation systems improved in shelters. Medical attention via brigades in five municipalities. Ecuador sends medical supplies and humanitarian assistance. (o.s: INETER, PAHO Office in Nicaragua, SNGR Ecuador; m: El 19 Digital).

Paraguay 4/18/2014

Misiones and Central departments. Floods affect 100 families in San Ignacio (Misiones) and five neighborhoods in Limpio (Central). National response, evaluation of damages, and distribution of humanitarian assistace. (o.s: SEN; m: ABC Color).

Peru 4/18/2014

Ubinas volcano. Evacuation of communities of Querapi and San Carlos de Titi, 100 people in total. Masks distribution in communities affected by ashfall. (o.s: INDECI).

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Two years after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan

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On 11 March 2011, Japan suffered one of the worst disasters in its recent history. A 9.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter off the coast of Honshu—and the most powerful registered in the country—provoked a tsunami that struck the coast in less than half an hour. With waves that reached almost 40 meters, the tsunami caused the death of more than 15,000 people, and left more than 3,000 people missing and almost 6,000 injured. Approximately 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged.

The tragedy that followed was caused not only by the earthquake and the tsunami, but also because of a serious accident in the Fukushima's nuclear plant, that included explosions in the buildings containing the nuclear reactors, failures in the refrigeration systems, a triple merger of the core and escape of radiation. Although the accident was a consequence of the earthquake and the tsunami, failures in the nuclear plant safety protocols contributed to it.

The absence of a containment wall for tsunamis with high waves allowed the water to penetrate the nuclear plant without any opposition. The numerous critical systems located in areas vulnerable to floods caused a chain reaction of technological failures, culminating in the complete loss of control over the plant and its reactors. This situation led to high radiation levels and prompted the evacuation of more than 60,000 people.

In addition, communication problems during the management of the crisis created a loss of confidence in the authorities within the population.

Regarding the health consequences of the disaster, the WHO report ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Based on Preliminary Dose estimation’ noted that the estimated risk for specific cancers in certain subsets of the population in the Fukushima Prefecture has increased and, as such, it calls for long term continued monitoring and health screenings of those people.

In this second anniversary, we invite you to view a collection of information about radiological emergencies prepared by the Regional Disaster Information Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID), where you will find:

  • A selection of publications about lessons learned;
  • A selection of webpages of institutions related to the subject;
  • Documents and technical guidelines;
  • A history of radiological accidents in Latin America;
  • Courses and trainings.
 

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