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From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Mexico 4/18/2014

7.2 magnitude earthquake, 10km deep, 41 km south of Petatlán; felt in western and central states. No reports of deaths or injuries at the moment. Damages in IMSS Hospital in Zihuatanejo, mobile unit sent for support. Minor damages in public buildings in Guerrero. No major damages in Mexico City, some power outages. Response: Activation of protocols and evaluation of damages. (o.s: IMSS, Government of Guerrero; m: El Universal).

Nicaragua 4/18/2014

Earthquakes update (10-18 April). 1,446 people evacuated from unsafe buildings. Seismic activity continues. Response: Emergency plans updated in the health sector, clean water administered, and sanitation systems improved in shelters. Medical attention via brigades in five municipalities. Ecuador sends medical supplies and humanitarian assistance. (o.s: INETER, PAHO Office in Nicaragua, SNGR Ecuador; m: El 19 Digital).

Paraguay 4/18/2014

Misiones and Central departments. Floods affect 100 families in San Ignacio (Misiones) and five neighborhoods in Limpio (Central). National response, evaluation of damages, and distribution of humanitarian assistace. (o.s: SEN; m: ABC Color).

Peru 4/18/2014

Ubinas volcano. Evacuation of communities of Querapi and San Carlos de Titi, 100 people in total. Masks distribution in communities affected by ashfall. (o.s: INDECI).

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Response by the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector to the Floods in Loreto, Peru 2012

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Experiences and Lessons Learned for the Future

The heavy rains at the beginning of 2012 in Peru forced the Government to declare a state of National Emergency in 18 regions of the country. One of the most affected areas was the Loreto region, in the country’s northeast. According to SENAMHI (National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology of Peru), historical rainfall amounts were exceeded. The losses in agricultural production and in the private and public infrastructure were very high, but the institutional response initially deployed was not enough to meet the needs of the population.

The population’s vulnerability increased as a result of the collapse of the sanitation systems. In addition, the extending area of dispersion of pathogen agents increased the probability of transmission of diseases from river waters. For this reason it became imperative for the water, sanitation and hygiene sector to give an immediate response in order to control the associated risks and minimize the impact on the population.

This publication, produced by PAHO/WHO, describes the process of implementing the humanitarian response activities, as well as the actions that contributed to the strengthening of local, sectorial, and regional communities, with special emphasis on lessons learned. To that end, primary and secondary sources were analyzed, technical staff from participating agencies was interviewed, and those who benefitted from the interventions were surveyed on the results.

The document includes a brief description of the country, the context and the exceptional levels reached by the floods, the affected areas, the Plan of Action for the response and the development of the activities of this plan and response coordination strategies, good practices and lessons learned from interventions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector.

This publication is only available in Spanish in PDF format. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to read the file. Download the software for free from the Adobe website.

Download the publication (4Mb)

 

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