Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Mexico 4/18/2014

7.2 magnitude earthquake, 10km deep, 41 km south of Petatlán; felt in western and central states. No reports of deaths or injuries at the moment. Damages in IMSS Hospital in Zihuatanejo, mobile unit sent for support. Minor damages in public buildings in Guerrero. No major damages in Mexico City, some power outages. Response: Activation of protocols and evaluation of damages. (o.s: IMSS, Government of Guerrero; m: El Universal).

Nicaragua 4/18/2014

Earthquakes update (10-18 April). 1,446 people evacuated from unsafe buildings. Seismic activity continues. Response: Emergency plans updated in the health sector, clean water administered, and sanitation systems improved in shelters. Medical attention via brigades in five municipalities. Ecuador sends medical supplies and humanitarian assistance. (o.s: INETER, PAHO Office in Nicaragua, SNGR Ecuador; m: El 19 Digital).

Paraguay 4/18/2014

Misiones and Central departments. Floods affect 100 families in San Ignacio (Misiones) and five neighborhoods in Limpio (Central). National response, evaluation of damages, and distribution of humanitarian assistace. (o.s: SEN; m: ABC Color).

Peru 4/18/2014

Ubinas volcano. Evacuation of communities of Querapi and San Carlos de Titi, 100 people in total. Masks distribution in communities affected by ashfall. (o.s: INDECI).

Chile 4/18/2014

Valparaíso Region. Wildfire update (12-18 April). Fire is still active in forested and inhabited areas. 959 people remain in nine shelters. Response: The health network continues to be strengthened with mobile units, brigades of ophthamology operating in affected areas, and mental health attention in shelters. (o.s: Ministry of Health, ONEMI,  PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá Regions. 8.2M earthquake update. Mental health attention by 30 professionals sent to Tarapacá. (o.s: Ministry of Health).

Intense Rains Cause Severe Damage in the Region

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In the last few weeks, heavy rains, landslides and floods have affected several countries in the Region (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, among others), that have caused emergency situations with personal and material losses.

In these types of emergencies PAHO/WHO recommends that the population increase hygiene measures, including washing hands with soap and water, storing food and medicine properly, and paying attention to the recommendations from authorities regarding the consumption of safe water.

In addition, it is important to keep spaces free of trash to avoid the collapse of the sewage system and the accumulation of stagnant water in reservoirs that can lead to the proliferation of mosquitoes. This will help prevent outbreaks of acute diarrheal infections, acute respiratory infections and other communicable diseases.

Water, sanitation and hygiene materials

PAHO/WHO’s Disasters Program has several practical guides on water and sanitation , as well as other material relevant to the response of emergencies caused by floods.

Water and sanitation
Response to emergencies and disasters
Preparedness
 

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