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Monitoring Emergencies

From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

Nicaragua 4/17/2014

Earthquake update (10-17 April). Managua Lake has experienced changes in temperature and a regression of the water level. Seismic activity has started south of Xiloa Laguna, and continues in the Xolotlán Lake zone. 600 families are in three shelters and 3,000 evacuees have gone to family members’ homes. Response: Evacuation of two hospitals in Managua and Chinandega is in process, and medical brigades continue to be deployed. Authorities are monitoring the water and evaluation of the situation is in progress. Structures that represent a danger are being demolished. (o.s: INETER, UNETE, PAHO Office in Nicaragua; m: El 19 Digital, La voz del Sandinismo.

Canada 4/17/2014

Quebec province. 632 people are evacuated due to floods. Roads are affected; local and provincial response. (o.s: Government of Quebec. m: Toronto Sun, Prensa Latina)

Peru 4/17/2014

Ubinas volcano. Six moderate explosions are registered as well as an increase in sulfur dioxide emissions. Ash falls on eleven communities in a radius of 20km, and forecasts estimate further dispersion to the north and northeast. 1,038 people are affected in five communities. Cases of conjunctivitis and mental health have increased. Response: Health authorities mobilize brigades for medical and psychological attention, environmental monitoring, and to distribute masks. The population of Querapi was evacuated and other evacuations are being prepared. National level is sending humanitarian assistance, and the alert level has risen to “orange.” (o.s: Ministry of Health, INDECI, Paho Office in Peru; m: Andina, RPP, El Comercio)

Chile 4/17/2014

Valparaíso region. Wildfire update (12-17 April). 12,400 people evacuated and 959 are in 9 shelters. The fire is still active. Response: Health mobile posts continue to be deployed for medical attention and vaccinations; more than 10,000 people vaccinated against tetanus. Shelter conditions verified and twelve water tanks installed. The government approved urgent measures to help those affected. Red alert continues for Viña del Mar and Valparaíso.  (o.s: Ministry of Health, Government of Chile, PAHO Office in Chile).

Arica and Parinacota, and Tarapacá regions. 8.2 earthquake update (1-17 April). Total: 21,753 people affected and 1096 remain in shelters. Response: Four pavilions from the Air Force and the Sargento Aldea ship providing surgical support to Iquique Hospital’s operations. Basic services have been restored. State of catastrophe continues. (o.s: Ministry of HealthONEMI) .

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Management of Dead Bodies After Disasters
A Field Manual for First Responders

Management of the dead is one of the most difficult aspects of disaster response. It has profound and long-lasting consequences for survivors and communities. Globally, disasters claim thousands of lives each year. However, care of the deceased is often overlooked in disaster planning and the absence of guidance for first responders has recently been highlighted following several large disasters. This Field Manual for First Responders presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.

This manual will be useful during the immediate response to a disaster and where forensic response is unavailable. Furthermore, it will be useful for those preparing mass fatality disaster plans. The recommendations are relevant for local, regional and national authorities as well as for non-governmental organizations. The principles outlined in this document are being implemented and promoted by a variety of organizations, including the Pan American Health Organization, the World Health Organization, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

The Manual has undergone an extensive peer review process. We have received comments from 8 technical reviewers: the chair of INTERPOL’s DVI committee, the Head Forensic Pathologist at the Home Office in the UK, a forensic specialist in Sri Lanka, two disaster managers in the Caribbean, an academic disaster expert in the UK, a human rights specialist from ICRC and an international disaster professional. In addition, the manual has also been reviewed by attendees of a meeting of forensic specialists in Colombia, 15 Public Health leaders from 9 Asian countries at a regional meeting about mass fatality management, and forensic experts from Jordan who participated in an ICRC workshop. In addition, the draft manual and forms were used in the field following the earthquake in Pakistan and mud-slide in the Philippines.

This book can be ordered from PAHO's Emergency Preparedness Area ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ), or can be downloaded as PDF file. You need to have installed Adobe Acrobat Reader to read these files. It can be obtained free of charge from the Adobe Website.

Download the document (1007.58 kB)

Gestion des dépouilles mortelles lors de catastrophes - Télécharger la version française

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