Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

El Salvador 10/22/2014

Floods, caused by rainfall in in the western and central parts of the country with damage to the highway leading to the port of La Libertad and the urban area of Santa Ana. MARN is forecasting moderate probability of overflows from rivers and short streams and reported that after recent rainfall about 13 municipalities in six departments have a high susceptibility to landslides, mainly in the central volcanic chain. Damage assessment was conducted in three hospitals and 50 schools affected by rains in the departments of San Miguel and La Union, and those affected by a 7.3-degree earthquake in the town of Zacatecoluca, La Paz. (o.s.: Protección Civil, SNET; m.: La Prensa Gráfica).

Guatemala 10/22/2014

Floods. Heavy rains and winds in recent days have destroyed crops and caused damage to homes in San Juan Cotzal, Quiché, Sanarate and El Progreso. In Zacapa, 7,000 people have been left without access to water due to flood damage to pipes. The rainfall has also damaged homes and artesian wells. (m.: Prensa Libre).

Mexico 10/22/2014

Tropical Storm Rudy. Update. The passage of the storm left 12,000 affected people affected in 35 municipalities that had declared emergency in Guerrero; in Oaxaca damage was reported to 50 roads, 220 homes suffered major damage and their inhabitants were evacuated to 10 shelters. (m.: Informador).

Nicaragua 10/22/2014

Floods. Yellow Alert remains; showers are expected to persist in the country. Heavy rainfall has caused mudslides, landslides, overflowing of rivers, and flooding homes. In Matagalpa more than 100 families were evacuated after the waters of the Rio Grande overflowed and flooded their homes. The current toll is 25 people dead, two missing, 163,000 houses destroyed and partially destroyed and 63 families in 31 shelters in 17 departments. Medical teams are helping communities in the Caribbean coast. (o.s.: INETER; m.: La Voz del Sandinismo).

Panama 10/22/2014

Floods. Rainfall in the province of Los Santos left at least about 48 houses and 218 people affected by floods caused by the overflowing of the rivers. SINAPROC makes damage assessment and needs analysis. Local response. (o.s.: SINAPROC).

El Salvador 10/22/2014

Floods, caused by rainfall in in the western and central parts of the country with damage to the highway leading to the port of La Libertad and the urban area of Santa Ana. MARN is forecasting moderate probability of overflows from rivers and short streams and reported that after recent rainfall about 13 municipalities in six departments have a high susceptibility to landslides, mainly in the central volcanic chain. Damage assessment was conducted in three hospitals and 50 schools affected by rains in the departments of San Miguel and La Union, and those affected by a 7.3-degree earthquake in the town of Zacatecoluca, La Paz. (o.s.: Protección Civil, SNET; m.: La Prensa Gráfica).



Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis in the Health Sector in Disasters Situations

Evaluación de daños y análisis de necesidades de salud en situaciones de desastres

Los desastres tienen efectos negativos en la salud, que varían de acuerdo al tipo de evento, al lugar del impacto y sus características socioeconómicas, al nivel de exposición de la población y su preparación ante las diferentes amenazas, a la calidad de la infraestructura y a la capacidad de respuesta instalada, entre otros factores. Solo mediante el conocimiento preciso de los daños y efectos se puede determinar dónde se necesita ayuda. La evaluación de daños y análisis de necesidades permite identificar el impacto del desastre, los factores de riesgo para la salud y las necesidades en áreas técnicas como agua y saneamiento, vigilancia epidemiológica, servicios de salud, albergues, entre otras.

En esta nueva edición de la guía Evaluación de daños y análisis de necesidades de salud en situaciones de desastre (EDAN) (la original fue publicada en 2004) se hace énfasis en la organización del sector salud, desde la conformación del comité operativo de emergencia hasta la sala de situación de salud, estructura que debe reproducirse en el nivel nacional, regional y local. Se analizan las características de la EDAN y se presentan modelos de formatos para la recolección y análisis de la información de salud. El propósito es que la toma de decisiones se fundamente en información técnica de calidad, que permita diagnosticar, priorizar, planificar la intervención y solicitar recursos para la respuesta a emergencias de forma eficaz.

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Evaluación de daños y análisis de necesidades de salud en situaciones de desastre (6.67 MB)

 

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