Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 3/26/2015

Antofagasta, Atacama, and Coquimbo: Flash flooding generated by intense rains related to a cold front that affects the northern area of the country and that causing rivers to breach their banks. Seven reported deaths and the 19 missing, nearly 500 homes affected, 35 destroyed and nearly 2000 people in shelters. Atacama is the region that has been primarily affected. According to authorities (ONEMI), the most critical areas affected in Atacama are located in Chañaral, Copiapó, Alto del Carmen and Tierra Amarilla. Damage assessment is in progress but access and communication difficulty hinders data collection. Several hospitals have reported damages and are only partially functioning. The Ministry of Health evaluates the situation of the assistance network and issues adjustments in the services network and a Sanitary Alert in Atacama and recommendations. A State of Emergency decree has been issued for the current emergency. ENFERMEPEDIA.

Ecuador 3/26/2015

  • De Los Rios Province: Areas of Babahoyo and nearby localities flooded after 8 hours of intense rain.   Areas of the center and the periphery were flooded yesterday. The Prefecture, Social Security, terrestrial terminal among others buildings were affected by the floods. (mc.: eluniverso).
  • Via Aloag-Santo Domingo (Update) Landslide site that killed 5 people is declared a cemetery.  The bodies cannot be rescued as the site is not safe.  A total are 13 fatal victims including two people in the parish Alluriquín. (m.: eluniverso).

Peru 3/26/2015

Landslide, March 24, 19:00hrs local time. Choros District, Cajamarca Department; 34 homes affected, 9 collapsed, 25 unsafe to return and 0.5km of rural road also affected.  (os.: INDECI).

Chile 3/26/2015

Antofagasta, Atacama, and Coquimbo: Flash flooding generated by intense rains related to a cold front that affects the northern area of the country and that causing rivers to breach their banks. Seven reported deaths and the 19 missing, nearly 500 homes affected, 35 destroyed and nearly 2000 people in shelters. Atacama is the region that has been primarily affected. According to authorities (ONEMI), the most critical areas affected in Atacama are located in Chañaral, Copiapó, Alto del Carmen and Tierra Amarilla. Damage assessment is in progress but access and communication difficulty hinders data collection. Several hospitals have reported damages and are only partially functioning. The Ministry of Health evaluates the situation of the assistance network and issues adjustments in the services network and a Sanitary Alert in Atacama and recommendations. A State of Emergency decree has been issued for the current emergency. ENFERMEPEDIA.



Emergencia nuclear en Japón

El 11 de marzo de 2011 un terremoto de magnitud 9 en la escala de Richter sacudió la costa este de Japón. Como parte del plan de contingencia, todos los reactores nucleares en la zona se pararon y se activaron los generadores de energía para emergencias. Sin embargo, las olas de 14 a 16 metros de altura, provocadas por el tsunami que siguió al terremoto, afectaron a algunos de los generadores de emergencia en la planta de Fukushima Dai-ichi, que en ese momento tenía tres reactores en operación. Las unidades de 1 a 4 se quedaron sin energía, lo que hizo que los sistemas de refrigeración para el núcleo del reactor y las piscinas de combustible gastado dejaran de funcionar. El calor generado dañó las barras de combustible, lo que ocasionó varias explosiones.

Aunque hubo propagación de contaminación radiológica en el medio ambiente y todavía existen restricciones para los alimentos y la leche de algunos de los pueblos de los alrededores, de acuerdo con el Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica "no se ha reportado efectos para la salud de ninguna persona como resultado de la exposición a la radiación del accidente nuclear". La Organización Marítima Internacional afirma que "no se considera necesario realizar pruebas de detección de radiación en los aeropuertos y puertos marítimos del mundo, con el fin de proteger la salud y seguridad". Las dosis de radiación a los trabajadores de las plantas nucleares están siendo continuamente monitoreadas. Para evitar una mayor dispersión de sustancias radiactivas, los edificios de las unidades afectadas serán cubiertos.

Preguntas Frecuentes

RECURSOS Y PUBLICACIONES SOBRE EMERGENCIAS RADIOLOGICAS

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PUBLICACIONES SOBRE ACCIDENTES OCURRIDOS EN LA REGION

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