Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Bolivia 10/23/2014

Drought. Civil Defense will deliver 30 tons of humanitarian assistance in the border town of Charaña, which will benefit 649 families and 1,500 head of cattle affected by drought. The director of the Emergency Operations Center said on Wednesday that the governor of the department of Santa Cruz declared a drought emergency affecting 12 municipalities in the region; the effects will be mitigated with a budget of 4 million bolivianos. (m.: ABI).

Brazil 10/23/2014

Several cities are in state of emergency due to various natural hazards. Drought is affecting the municipalities of Olhos d'Água and Palmópolis in Minas Gerais; and also Bom Jesus da Lapa, Bahia, and Redondo Well, in Sergipe. The cities of Mato Rico, Paraná and Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul are being affected by rainfall. Finally, the municipality of Saudades, in Santa Catarina, is in emergency due to floods. (o.s.: Civil Defense).

Nicaragua 10/23/2014

Floods. Yellow Alert remains; showers are expected to persist in the country, with potential for landslides, mudslides, overflows and flooding of homes, mainly in Rivas, Granada, Masaya, San Juan River, the South Caribbean and the Autonomous Region. More than 100 families have been evacuated and 27 people have died. So far 60,345 people have been affected nationwide; there are 32 active shelters and 90 solidarity houses, where 1,053 families remain. There are also 6,214 damaged homes, including destroyed, partially destroyed, flooded, and in relocation. (o.s.: INETER; m.c.: La Voz del Sandinismo).

Bolivia 10/23/2014

Drought. Civil Defense will deliver 30 tons of humanitarian assistance in the border town of Charaña, which will benefit 649 families and 1,500 head of cattle affected by drought. The director of the Emergency Operations Center said on Wednesday that the governor of the department of Santa Cruz declared a drought emergency affecting 12 municipalities in the region; the effects will be mitigated with a budget of 4 million bolivianos. (m.: ABI).



Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile - Disaster Chronicle and Lessons Learned

On February 27, 2010 Chile was struck by a 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit coastal areas in a long stretch of the country. The most affected regions were Maule and Bio Bio, with heavy loss of lives and public and private property, and major damage to the health infrastructure. This earthquake has been considered one of the five most powerful recorded in modern history.

PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health decided that it was necessary to prepare a technical paper as a chronicle, describing the facts, analyzing the impact and the country's and international response to the health sector. Secondary sources were used to gather information for the document--emergency regulations, situation reports, preliminary assessments, records and minutes, among other documents-- as well as interviews with different authorities and health teams in Santiago, Talca and Concepción, and wil ONEMI authorities from Maule and Bío Bío.

The first chapter of the publication describes the demographic, social, economic and seismic aspects of the country, a description of the earthquake and tsunami, as well as the damage caused by the event and its economic impact. The second chapter deals with the national response to the disaster, making an overview of the institutions interventions, the needs generated by the event, and identifies critical and facilitating factors of the response. The third chapter describes health sector damages and response to the disaster, including emergency operations to mitigate the impact of the event on public health and for the recovery of the health services. The fourth chapter contains important lessons learned for the health sector.

The publication is available for download (as a PDF file) in Spanish only.

 

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