Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Colombia 10/26/2014

Chiles-Cerro Negro volcanic complex Activity. 342 homes have been damaged and 55 are uninhabitable. SGC-OVSP and IGEPN have improved monitoring instrumentation with the installation of new seismic stations, accelerographic video cameras, and other equipment. Among the problems detected are 4-km zones with high risk for projectile expulsion, the Chiles and Blanco rivers have high probability of landslides, seismic activity continues with an average of 300 events per hour, and there is a magma body threatening to surface south of the Chiles volcano. Cumbal: A preliminary analysis will be delivered on Thursday, it is 80% finished. Ash pollution in the Chiles area. National response. (o.s.: (f.o.: SGC; PAHO Colombia).

Honduras 10/26/2014

Drought. The emergency caused by the drought is affecting nearly one million people in 165 municipalities, of which, about 72,400 families are in need of humanitarian assistance. The families with the more urgent needs are those of small subsistence farmers and landless laborers, and people who are in extreme vulnerability with few resources to cope with conditions of food insecurity, water shortages and declining revenue. The drought was predicted in February. National and international response. (m.: RedHum).

Colombia 10/26/2014

Chiles-Cerro Negro volcanic complex Activity. 342 homes have been damaged and 55 are uninhabitable. SGC-OVSP and IGEPN have improved monitoring instrumentation with the installation of new seismic stations, accelerographic video cameras, and other equipment. Among the problems detected are 4-km zones with high risk for projectile expulsion, the Chiles and Blanco rivers have high probability of landslides, seismic activity continues with an average of 300 events per hour, and there is a magma body threatening to surface south of the Chiles volcano. Cumbal: A preliminary analysis will be delivered on Thursday, it is 80% finished. Ash pollution in the Chiles area. National response. (o.s.: (f.o.: SGC; PAHO Colombia).



Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile - Disaster Chronicle and Lessons Learned

On February 27, 2010 Chile was struck by a 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit coastal areas in a long stretch of the country. The most affected regions were Maule and Bio Bio, with heavy loss of lives and public and private property, and major damage to the health infrastructure. This earthquake has been considered one of the five most powerful recorded in modern history.

PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health decided that it was necessary to prepare a technical paper as a chronicle, describing the facts, analyzing the impact and the country's and international response to the health sector. Secondary sources were used to gather information for the document--emergency regulations, situation reports, preliminary assessments, records and minutes, among other documents-- as well as interviews with different authorities and health teams in Santiago, Talca and Concepción, and wil ONEMI authorities from Maule and Bío Bío.

The first chapter of the publication describes the demographic, social, economic and seismic aspects of the country, a description of the earthquake and tsunami, as well as the damage caused by the event and its economic impact. The second chapter deals with the national response to the disaster, making an overview of the institutions interventions, the needs generated by the event, and identifies critical and facilitating factors of the response. The third chapter describes health sector damages and response to the disaster, including emergency operations to mitigate the impact of the event on public health and for the recovery of the health services. The fourth chapter contains important lessons learned for the health sector.

The publication is available for download (as a PDF file) in Spanish only.

 

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