Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Argentina 10/30/2014

A powerful storm in the Province of Buenos Aires left more than 1,000 people evacuated in different municipalities. In Marcos Paz, about 500 people remain evacuated. In the city of Coronel Pringles a broken bridge on a provincial highway interrupted traffic, and 450 people evacuated voluntarily. In Bragado, electricity and water supply were interrupted, the city also suffered major damage and activities were suspended. In Lujan 20 have evacuated so far. However, the authorities declared a red alert due to a rising river. Provincial response. (m.: La Nación, RedHum)

Guatemala 10/30/2014

Drought. A state of public calamity has been declared for 30 days, in 16 departments, due to prolonged drought. The weather phenomenon has caused crop failures and a scarcity of food supplies in the communities. In the coming days two of the country’s food security agencies should ensure the availability and supply of food needed for the population affected through the production and marketing and importation of foods.Nationalresponse.(m.:PrensaLibre).

Argentina 10/30/2014

A powerful storm in the Province of Buenos Aires left more than 1,000 people evacuated in different municipalities. In Marcos Paz, about 500 people remain evacuated. In the city of Coronel Pringles a broken bridge on a provincial highway interrupted traffic, and 450 people evacuated voluntarily. In Bragado, electricity and water supply were interrupted, the city also suffered major damage and activities were suspended. In Lujan 20 have evacuated so far. However, the authorities declared a red alert due to a rising river. Provincial response. (m.: La Nación, RedHum)



Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile - Disaster Chronicle and Lessons Learned

On February 27, 2010 Chile was struck by a 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit coastal areas in a long stretch of the country. The most affected regions were Maule and Bio Bio, with heavy loss of lives and public and private property, and major damage to the health infrastructure. This earthquake has been considered one of the five most powerful recorded in modern history.

PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health decided that it was necessary to prepare a technical paper as a chronicle, describing the facts, analyzing the impact and the country's and international response to the health sector. Secondary sources were used to gather information for the document--emergency regulations, situation reports, preliminary assessments, records and minutes, among other documents-- as well as interviews with different authorities and health teams in Santiago, Talca and Concepción, and wil ONEMI authorities from Maule and Bío Bío.

The first chapter of the publication describes the demographic, social, economic and seismic aspects of the country, a description of the earthquake and tsunami, as well as the damage caused by the event and its economic impact. The second chapter deals with the national response to the disaster, making an overview of the institutions interventions, the needs generated by the event, and identifies critical and facilitating factors of the response. The third chapter describes health sector damages and response to the disaster, including emergency operations to mitigate the impact of the event on public health and for the recovery of the health services. The fourth chapter contains important lessons learned for the health sector.

The publication is available for download (as a PDF file) in Spanish only.

 

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