Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Mexico - 8/21/2014

State of Nuevo Leon, Candereyta municipality. An oil spill in Rio San Juan affected between 4,000 and 5,000 people in at least three communities. A water quality analysis is being conducted in surrounding areas. Local response. (m.: Milenio).

Panama - 8/19/2014

Province of Chiriquí. Floods update (17 August). SINAPROC confirmed yesterday the death of nine people and the destruction of over 20 houses. Temporary shelters have been set up. 400 people affected. The President has declared a state of emergency, and the removal of debris has restarted. (o.s.: SINAPROC)

Mexico - 8/19/2014

State of Sonora, Cananea. Potential water contamination due to a sulfuric acid spill in the Sonora river after a structural failure in a copper mine, caused by heavy rains in the area.   According to press reports nearly 40,000 cubic meters of sulfuric acid were spilled. As a security measure, CONAGUA suspended water supply to 20,000 people in the region and is carrying out sampling in different points of the river. (m.: El País)

Mexico - 8/21/2014

State of Nuevo Leon, Candereyta municipality. An oil spill in Rio San Juan affected between 4,000 and 5,000 people in at least three communities. A water quality analysis is being conducted in surrounding areas. Local response. (m.: Milenio).



PAHO Post-Disaster Guidelines for Oral Health

Natural disasters and other emergency events cause suffering to the affected population and generally disrupt the local health care system’s capacity to function. The negative impact on health services not only can undermine years of work toward improving the health system infrastructure but also introduce new barriers to the provision of primary care services, including dental and oral health. In previous disasters, oral health has been overlooked and has not been identified as a priority, even though it is an integral part of overall health that cannot be ignored.

In order to make oral health an important factor within the provision of treatment and rehabilitation services during the post-disaster recovery and rebuilding process of the health care system, it is necessary to facilitate the joint and integrated disaster response actions of the many governmental and non-governmental humanitarian aid groups involved. The purpose of the guidelines is to provide technical assistance to humanitarian actors interested in restoring and rebuilding oral health services in countries and communities affected by disasters. The guidelines will serve five primary purposes:

  1. Assist local emergency response decision–makers to determine needs on a priority basis;
  2. Sustain the implementation of appropriate emergency response measures and plans;
  3. Support the appeal to local and international potential donors to consider making a contribution to oral health programs and services;
  4. Facilitate the procurement, shipment, storage, delivery, and monitoring of donations; and
  5. Strengthen the existing oral health system by integrating oral health with primary health services.

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