Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Brazil 1/23/2015

Civil Defense declared Emergency in four municipalities. Mato Verde City (MG), is experiencing drought, Rio Branco do Sul (PR), heavy rains; Novo Tiradentes (RS), and Uruguayana (RS), were stricken by sudden floods. (os.: DEFENSA CIVIL).

Peru 1/23/2015

Drought, due to the reduction of rains, seven dams that supply Arequipa would only have water for a little more than three months. Every year the dams of the System of Chili Regulado should store more than 300 million cubic meters (m3) of water.   Of this figure, 210 million are in order to meet the minimum needs for the city (energy, population use, agricultural sector, industry and others) and other 100 million in order to have them in reserve for emergencies. (m.: LAREPUBLICA).

Chile 1/23/2015

Wild fires Summary. Update 22 January - 47 Reported Fires: 7 active (O'Higgins, Biobío, Los Rios, Los Lagos and Aysén); 28 controlled (Metropolitan, Maule, Biobío, La Araucanía, Los Rios y Los Lagos). There are 12 extinguished fires (Valparaiso, Metropolitana, Maule, Biobío, La Araucanía and Los Ríos) which affected nearly 15 thousand hectares of vegetation.
People and homes affected: Two deceased people, 104 victims, 30 homes destroyed, It was also reported the destruction of two warehouses and one School. (fo.: ONEMI).

Brazil 1/23/2015

Civil Defense declared Emergency in four municipalities. Mato Verde City (MG), is experiencing drought, Rio Branco do Sul (PR), heavy rains; Novo Tiradentes (RS), and Uruguayana (RS), were stricken by sudden floods. (os.: DEFENSA CIVIL).



Water and sanitation: critical elements in emergencies

On World Water Day we reflect on the need of having access to safe water in disasters

Water, a basic element for life, can be one of the major causes for concern after a disaster. The availability of water in sufficient quantity and quality is critical to provide health care, to ensure its use by the affected population, to maintain minimum standards of hygiene and to support the rescue work, among other activities. On World Water Day, PAHO/WHO calls for reflection on the importance and need of including in risk management plans and response plans actions to ensure access to quality drinking water, sanitation and hygiene during emergencies and disasters.

Ensuring water supply is one of the most important measures during an emergency and, in this sense, the monitoring of water quality becomes an action of vital importance to ensure the delivery of safe water to the affected population, hospitals and health facilities.

Water, sanitation and hygiene also become critical elements to avoid diseases that may occur due to the poor health conditions of the affected area. After disasters, water becomes the most precious value and its shortage or contamination can have serious consequences for public health.

For these reasons, PAHO/WHO reiterates the need of taking the necessary measures to ensure water, sanitation and hygiene to the people affected by disasters. These actions involve a number of actors ranging from local authorities and entities providing water service to the affected community. The success of these activities will depend on the level of coordination between these actors.

More information on World Water Day:

 

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