Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Argentina 2/27/2015

Province of Córdoba. Floods update, more than 800 people continued evacuated in the province as a result of yesterday’s storm. Around 100 new evacuations were necessary in Santiago Temple and in La Tordilla, two of the most affected localities as reported by the Civil Defense. (os.: CBA.GOV.AR); (m.: CLARIN). 

Peru 2/27/2015

  • Province of Madre de Dios was declared "state of emergency" for 60 days in three districts of the jungle region which is affected by floods generated by the rivers Tahuamanu, Acre, Yaverija, Madre de Dios and its tributaries. (os.: PCM.GOB.PE); (m.: TERRA).
  • Province of Quispicanchi, Department of Cusco, in 7 localities of the department of Cusco precipitations of hail affecting 15 families, cultures and animals are recorded. (os.: INDECI). 

Brazil 2/27/2015

Emergency Declared in Departments of Acre, Amazon, and Santa Catarina in 13 municipalities due to the sudden rise of the Acre River and the flood of great proportion in the Madera River. The capital of Rondonia, Porto Velho, has been declared in a “State of Public Calamity." The water levels of the Acre and Blanco rivers are coming closer to the figures reached in 2012.  (os.: PAHO/BRAZIL).

Bolivia 2/27/2015

Department of Pando, Cachuelita Baja, municipality of Porvenir. Overflow of the Tahuamanu River damages 50% of the crops in Porvenir and isolates Filadelfia. Nearly 1,358 evacuated families and 5,000 affected in the entire department. The Government is assisting in the cleaning process of the areas affected by the flood and is also bringing food to the affected families. (os.: MINDEF); (m.: EL-DEBER). 

Argentina 2/27/2015

Province of Córdoba. Floods update, more than 800 people continued evacuated in the province as a result of yesterday’s storm. Around 100 new evacuations were necessary in Santiago Temple and in La Tordilla, two of the most affected localities as reported by the Civil Defense. (os.: CBA.GOV.AR); (m.: CLARIN). 



Essential Medicines List for Emergencies and Disasters in the Caribbean

Every year, countries are faced by threats of hurricanes, floods, landslides, earthquakes and volcanoes. Several diseases have been observed in the aftermath of such disaster situations. For example, floods can potentially increase the transmission of water-borne diseases; vector-borne diseases can also be observed. Other illnesses of main concern after disaster events are skin problems and trauma, and of less occurrence are rabies, Clostridium dificile, tetanus, snake bite, meningitis, acute respiratory infections, and acute malnutrition. Mental health problems may also increase following a disaster. However, as the disaster impact worsens; the risk of communicable diseases, especially among women and children, is a health threat to the community.

Soon after an emergency, it is important to focus in providing continuous health services in health facilities, disease surveillance, and providing the needed essential medicines. During emergencies and disasters, a standard medicines list permits an effective response with medicines and medical devices using standard, pre-packed kits that could be kept in readiness to meet priority health needs. The provision of the medicines from this publication will help in reducing any excess in morbidity and mortality due to communicable and non communicable diseases in populations affected by disasters and emergencies.

This technical document is the result of the inter-programmatic work of PAHO/WHO’s Area of Health Systems Based on Primary Health Care/Medicines and Health Technologies and the Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief. Essential medicines have been selected with due regard to disease prevalence, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness. The 16th Edition of the Model List of Essential Medicines (2010) and the Interagency Emergency Health Kit (2006) were used as references.

The list is proposed as a first approach to be used as contribution for the national disaster preparedness plans which need to be updated regularly.

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