Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Guatemala 7/30/2014

Drought damages crops, affecting 40,000 families in eight departments. (m.: Siglo 21, Prensa Libre)
Alta Verapaz Department. Floods and landslides from floods affect 474 people and damage 79 homes in two municipalities. (o.s.: CONRED)

Mexico 7/30/2014

Sonora State. Agua Prieta Municipality. Rise of Cabullona Creek causes eight deaths and four people missing during a sports event. 25 people rescued. State response. Alert for rising rivers .(o.s.: Gobierno de Sonora; m.: Milenio,
Querétaro State. Querétaro Municipality. Fire from gas pipe causes eight injuries and evacuation of 150 people; damage to homes and vehicles. Local and state response. (m.: Milenio)
Earthquake 6.4M update: one person killed in Oaxaca and damage to 73 homes in Oaxaca and Veracruz. Minor damages to San Alejandro Hospital of the IMSS in Puebla and Oaxaca General Hospital, no service disruption. (o.s.: Gobierno de Oaxaca;  m.: La Jornada de Oriente, Milenio, Excelsior).

Venezuela 7/30/2014

State of Zulia. Drought affects six municipalities. Water reserves up to 59 days. State response with national support. Rationing plans and water distribution by tankers. (m.: Agencia Venezolana de Noticias)

Guatemala 7/30/2014

Drought damages crops, affecting 40,000 families in eight departments. (m.: Siglo 21, Prensa Libre)
Alta Verapaz Department. Floods and landslides from floods affect 474 people and damage 79 homes in two municipalities. (o.s.: CONRED)



Essential Medicines List for Emergencies and Disasters in the Caribbean

Every year, countries are faced by threats of hurricanes, floods, landslides, earthquakes and volcanoes. Several diseases have been observed in the aftermath of such disaster situations. For example, floods can potentially increase the transmission of water-borne diseases; vector-borne diseases can also be observed. Other illnesses of main concern after disaster events are skin problems and trauma, and of less occurrence are rabies, Clostridium dificile, tetanus, snake bite, meningitis, acute respiratory infections, and acute malnutrition. Mental health problems may also increase following a disaster. However, as the disaster impact worsens; the risk of communicable diseases, especially among women and children, is a health threat to the community.

Soon after an emergency, it is important to focus in providing continuous health services in health facilities, disease surveillance, and providing the needed essential medicines. During emergencies and disasters, a standard medicines list permits an effective response with medicines and medical devices using standard, pre-packed kits that could be kept in readiness to meet priority health needs. The provision of the medicines from this publication will help in reducing any excess in morbidity and mortality due to communicable and non communicable diseases in populations affected by disasters and emergencies.

This technical document is the result of the inter-programmatic work of PAHO/WHO’s Area of Health Systems Based on Primary Health Care/Medicines and Health Technologies and the Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief. Essential medicines have been selected with due regard to disease prevalence, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness. The 16th Edition of the Model List of Essential Medicines (2010) and the Interagency Emergency Health Kit (2006) were used as references.

The list is proposed as a first approach to be used as contribution for the national disaster preparedness plans which need to be updated regularly.

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