Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Chile 7/29/2014

Biobío Region. Floods and landslides due to rain affect 500 people and damage 130 homes; damage to the emergency room of the Lota Hospital (will be relocated shortly). Yellow Alert remains for storm system until Thursday. (o.s.: ONEMIIntendencia de Biobio, Hospital de Lota ; m.: Biobio Chile, Resumen)

Colombia 7/29/2014

Valle de Cauca department. Buenaventura municipality. Electricity outages since 8 p.m. affect 400,000 people in rural and urban areas; they were possibly caused by attacks on power transformers. The electricity is working in the hospital zone. Emergency plan activated. (m.: El Espectador, Caracol, El Tiempo)

United States 7/29/2014

California. Forest fires in Yosemite National Park, in the Sierra Nevada and in Amador County leave one person injured and damaged 51 homes and buildings. Evacuations underway. Local and state response. (o.s.: CalFire, INCIWEB; m.: KPPC, NBC)

Guatemala 7/29/2014

 Flood and landslide update. 1,541 people affected in the Alta Verapaz, Izabal, and Baja Verapaz Departments. Damage to 268 homes. Response by departamental authorities. (o.s.: CONRED)

Honduras 7/29/2014

Drought affects 28 municipalities in five departments. National response. Food distribution in El Paraíso department. (o.s.: COPECO)

Mexico 7/29/2014

6.4 magnitude earthquake recorded, with a depth of 131 km, 46 km southwest of Isla (Veracruz), no major damage. Fence in Civil Hospital of Oaxaca falls, no victims. Activation of security protocols, state governments initiate monitoring for possible damage. (o.s.:  Gobierno del DF, Gobierno de Oaxaca, Gobierno de Veracruz;  m.: Milenio).

Chile 7/29/2014

Biobío Region. Floods and landslides due to rain affect 500 people and damage 130 homes; damage to the emergency room of the Lota Hospital (will be relocated shortly). Yellow Alert remains for storm system until Thursday. (o.s.: ONEMIIntendencia de Biobio, Hospital de Lota ; m.: Biobio Chile, Resumen)



Two years after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan

On 11 March 2011, Japan suffered one of the worst disasters in its recent history. A 9.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter off the coast of Honshu—and the most powerful registered in the country—provoked a tsunami that struck the coast in less than half an hour. With waves that reached almost 40 meters, the tsunami caused the death of more than 15,000 people, and left more than 3,000 people missing and almost 6,000 injured. Approximately 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged.

The tragedy that followed was caused not only by the earthquake and the tsunami, but also because of a serious accident in the Fukushima's nuclear plant, that included explosions in the buildings containing the nuclear reactors, failures in the refrigeration systems, a triple merger of the core and escape of radiation. Although the accident was a consequence of the earthquake and the tsunami, failures in the nuclear plant safety protocols contributed to it.

The absence of a containment wall for tsunamis with high waves allowed the water to penetrate the nuclear plant without any opposition. The numerous critical systems located in areas vulnerable to floods caused a chain reaction of technological failures, culminating in the complete loss of control over the plant and its reactors. This situation led to high radiation levels and prompted the evacuation of more than 60,000 people.

In addition, communication problems during the management of the crisis created a loss of confidence in the authorities within the population.

Regarding the health consequences of the disaster, the WHO report ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Based on Preliminary Dose estimation’ noted that the estimated risk for specific cancers in certain subsets of the population in the Fukushima Prefecture has increased and, as such, it calls for long term continued monitoring and health screenings of those people.

In this second anniversary, we invite you to view a collection of information about radiological emergencies prepared by the Regional Disaster Information Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID), where you will find:

  • A selection of publications about lessons learned;
  • A selection of webpages of institutions related to the subject;
  • Documents and technical guidelines;
  • A history of radiological accidents in Latin America;
  • Courses and trainings.
 

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