Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Argentina 2/27/2015

Province of Córdoba. Floods update, more than 800 people continued evacuated in the province as a result of yesterday’s storm. Around 100 new evacuations were necessary in Santiago Temple and in La Tordilla, two of the most affected localities as reported by the Civil Defense. (os.: CBA.GOV.AR); (m.: CLARIN). 

Peru 2/27/2015

  • Province of Madre de Dios was declared "state of emergency" for 60 days in three districts of the jungle region which is affected by floods generated by the rivers Tahuamanu, Acre, Yaverija, Madre de Dios and its tributaries. (os.: PCM.GOB.PE); (m.: TERRA).
  • Province of Quispicanchi, Department of Cusco, in 7 localities of the department of Cusco precipitations of hail affecting 15 families, cultures and animals are recorded. (os.: INDECI). 

Brazil 2/27/2015

Emergency Declared in Departments of Acre, Amazon, and Santa Catarina in 13 municipalities due to the sudden rise of the Acre River and the flood of great proportion in the Madera River. The capital of Rondonia, Porto Velho, has been declared in a “State of Public Calamity." The water levels of the Acre and Blanco rivers are coming closer to the figures reached in 2012.  (os.: PAHO/BRAZIL).

Bolivia 2/27/2015

Department of Pando, Cachuelita Baja, municipality of Porvenir. Overflow of the Tahuamanu River damages 50% of the crops in Porvenir and isolates Filadelfia. Nearly 1,358 evacuated families and 5,000 affected in the entire department. The Government is assisting in the cleaning process of the areas affected by the flood and is also bringing food to the affected families. (os.: MINDEF); (m.: EL-DEBER). 

Argentina 2/27/2015

Province of Córdoba. Floods update, more than 800 people continued evacuated in the province as a result of yesterday’s storm. Around 100 new evacuations were necessary in Santiago Temple and in La Tordilla, two of the most affected localities as reported by the Civil Defense. (os.: CBA.GOV.AR); (m.: CLARIN). 



Two years after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan

On 11 March 2011, Japan suffered one of the worst disasters in its recent history. A 9.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter off the coast of Honshu—and the most powerful registered in the country—provoked a tsunami that struck the coast in less than half an hour. With waves that reached almost 40 meters, the tsunami caused the death of more than 15,000 people, and left more than 3,000 people missing and almost 6,000 injured. Approximately 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged.

The tragedy that followed was caused not only by the earthquake and the tsunami, but also because of a serious accident in the Fukushima's nuclear plant, that included explosions in the buildings containing the nuclear reactors, failures in the refrigeration systems, a triple merger of the core and escape of radiation. Although the accident was a consequence of the earthquake and the tsunami, failures in the nuclear plant safety protocols contributed to it.

The absence of a containment wall for tsunamis with high waves allowed the water to penetrate the nuclear plant without any opposition. The numerous critical systems located in areas vulnerable to floods caused a chain reaction of technological failures, culminating in the complete loss of control over the plant and its reactors. This situation led to high radiation levels and prompted the evacuation of more than 60,000 people.

In addition, communication problems during the management of the crisis created a loss of confidence in the authorities within the population.

Regarding the health consequences of the disaster, the WHO report ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Based on Preliminary Dose estimation’ noted that the estimated risk for specific cancers in certain subsets of the population in the Fukushima Prefecture has increased and, as such, it calls for long term continued monitoring and health screenings of those people.

In this second anniversary, we invite you to view a collection of information about radiological emergencies prepared by the Regional Disaster Information Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID), where you will find:

  • A selection of publications about lessons learned;
  • A selection of webpages of institutions related to the subject;
  • Documents and technical guidelines;
  • A history of radiological accidents in Latin America;
  • Courses and trainings.
 

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