Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Argentina 10/30/2014

A powerful storm in the Province of Buenos Aires left more than 1,000 people evacuated in different municipalities. In Marcos Paz, about 500 people remain evacuated. In the city of Coronel Pringles a broken bridge on a provincial highway interrupted traffic, and 450 people evacuated voluntarily. In Bragado, electricity and water supply were interrupted, the city also suffered major damage and activities were suspended. In Lujan 20 have evacuated so far. However, the authorities declared a red alert due to a rising river. Provincial response. (m.: La Nación, RedHum)

Guatemala 10/30/2014

Drought. A state of public calamity has been declared for 30 days, in 16 departments, due to prolonged drought. The weather phenomenon has caused crop failures and a scarcity of food supplies in the communities. In the coming days two of the country’s food security agencies should ensure the availability and supply of food needed for the population affected through the production and marketing and importation of foods.Nationalresponse.(m.:PrensaLibre).

Argentina 10/30/2014

A powerful storm in the Province of Buenos Aires left more than 1,000 people evacuated in different municipalities. In Marcos Paz, about 500 people remain evacuated. In the city of Coronel Pringles a broken bridge on a provincial highway interrupted traffic, and 450 people evacuated voluntarily. In Bragado, electricity and water supply were interrupted, the city also suffered major damage and activities were suspended. In Lujan 20 have evacuated so far. However, the authorities declared a red alert due to a rising river. Provincial response. (m.: La Nación, RedHum)



Two years after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan

On 11 March 2011, Japan suffered one of the worst disasters in its recent history. A 9.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter off the coast of Honshu—and the most powerful registered in the country—provoked a tsunami that struck the coast in less than half an hour. With waves that reached almost 40 meters, the tsunami caused the death of more than 15,000 people, and left more than 3,000 people missing and almost 6,000 injured. Approximately 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged.

The tragedy that followed was caused not only by the earthquake and the tsunami, but also because of a serious accident in the Fukushima's nuclear plant, that included explosions in the buildings containing the nuclear reactors, failures in the refrigeration systems, a triple merger of the core and escape of radiation. Although the accident was a consequence of the earthquake and the tsunami, failures in the nuclear plant safety protocols contributed to it.

The absence of a containment wall for tsunamis with high waves allowed the water to penetrate the nuclear plant without any opposition. The numerous critical systems located in areas vulnerable to floods caused a chain reaction of technological failures, culminating in the complete loss of control over the plant and its reactors. This situation led to high radiation levels and prompted the evacuation of more than 60,000 people.

In addition, communication problems during the management of the crisis created a loss of confidence in the authorities within the population.

Regarding the health consequences of the disaster, the WHO report ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Based on Preliminary Dose estimation’ noted that the estimated risk for specific cancers in certain subsets of the population in the Fukushima Prefecture has increased and, as such, it calls for long term continued monitoring and health screenings of those people.

In this second anniversary, we invite you to view a collection of information about radiological emergencies prepared by the Regional Disaster Information Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID), where you will find:

  • A selection of publications about lessons learned;
  • A selection of webpages of institutions related to the subject;
  • Documents and technical guidelines;
  • A history of radiological accidents in Latin America;
  • Courses and trainings.
 

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