Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


Home

Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Colombia 11/20/2014

Strong winds: A strong wind damaged 108 houses, registering loss of the roofs. A total of 297 people were affected in 5 neighborhoods of Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda. Authorities declared domestic calamity.(m.s: Desastres Colombia).
Landslide: A landslide killed three people. This event took place on the road that connects in Riosucio (Caldas) with Quinchia (Risalda). (m.s: Desastres Colombia, El Espectador).

Honduras 11/20/2014

Floods (Update): 13 families evacuated in San Pedro de Sula. Increased risk of landslides and flood of gorges. (o.s: Tiempo).

Mexico 11/20/2014

Flood (Update). Civil Protection declared State of Emergency in 17 municipalities because of the rainfalls. In the last 24 hours rain has been falling on Tabasco 32 percent of the monthly average of expected rain for November. Approximately 30,000 people were affected by the floods. (m.s: Unimexicali, Elintransigente, Noticieros.televisa).

USA 11/20/2014

Cold Wave (Update): Strong snowfalls remain in the New York/ Philadelphia line to Rochester. All drivers stranded have been rescued. 7 Shelter remain open with 128 refugees, 8 deaths (6 confirmed and 2 unconfirmed). 200 National guards are supporting the rescue and snow cleaning. There a no requests of assistance to FEMA. (o.s: FEMA).

Colombia 11/20/2014

Strong winds: A strong wind damaged 108 houses, registering loss of the roofs. A total of 297 people were affected in 5 neighborhoods of Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda. Authorities declared domestic calamity.(m.s: Desastres Colombia).
Landslide: A landslide killed three people. This event took place on the road that connects in Riosucio (Caldas) with Quinchia (Risalda). (m.s: Desastres Colombia, El Espectador).



Two years after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in Japan

On 11 March 2011, Japan suffered one of the worst disasters in its recent history. A 9.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter off the coast of Honshu—and the most powerful registered in the country—provoked a tsunami that struck the coast in less than half an hour. With waves that reached almost 40 meters, the tsunami caused the death of more than 15,000 people, and left more than 3,000 people missing and almost 6,000 injured. Approximately 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged.

The tragedy that followed was caused not only by the earthquake and the tsunami, but also because of a serious accident in the Fukushima's nuclear plant, that included explosions in the buildings containing the nuclear reactors, failures in the refrigeration systems, a triple merger of the core and escape of radiation. Although the accident was a consequence of the earthquake and the tsunami, failures in the nuclear plant safety protocols contributed to it.

The absence of a containment wall for tsunamis with high waves allowed the water to penetrate the nuclear plant without any opposition. The numerous critical systems located in areas vulnerable to floods caused a chain reaction of technological failures, culminating in the complete loss of control over the plant and its reactors. This situation led to high radiation levels and prompted the evacuation of more than 60,000 people.

In addition, communication problems during the management of the crisis created a loss of confidence in the authorities within the population.

Regarding the health consequences of the disaster, the WHO report ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Based on Preliminary Dose estimation’ noted that the estimated risk for specific cancers in certain subsets of the population in the Fukushima Prefecture has increased and, as such, it calls for long term continued monitoring and health screenings of those people.

In this second anniversary, we invite you to view a collection of information about radiological emergencies prepared by the Regional Disaster Information Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID), where you will find:

  • A selection of publications about lessons learned;
  • A selection of webpages of institutions related to the subject;
  • Documents and technical guidelines;
  • A history of radiological accidents in Latin America;
  • Courses and trainings.
 

Facebook Disasters Twitter Disasters You Tube Disasters

Knowledge Center on Public Health and Disasters 

 


 

Regional Office of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel: +1 (202) 974-3000  Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663