Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Peru 1/30/2015

Loreto Department, constant rains increase the flow of the Huallaga river, causing the flooding of agriculture areas in the localities of Achuai Tipishca, Vista Alegre and San Manuel, district of Lagunas, in the Alto Amazonas province. (os. : INDECI).

Mexico 1/30/2015

Update - Federal District, Cujimalpa–Collapse of the Maternal and Child Hospital.  A fuel tanker exploded near a hospital injuring 72, 14 in serious conditions and killing 3. The Maternal and Child hospital underwent damages in 30% of its structure due to the explosion. Patients were sent to 10 Public hospitals of the Social Security Institute. Response at local level. (os. : Gobierno-Federal; Presidencia de la Republica; Cruz Roja Mexicana); (mc.: Azteca Noticias; CNNMx).

Peru 1/30/2015

Loreto Department, constant rains increase the flow of the Huallaga river, causing the flooding of agriculture areas in the localities of Achuai Tipishca, Vista Alegre and San Manuel, district of Lagunas, in the Alto Amazonas province. (os. : INDECI).



Response by the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector to the Floods in Loreto, Peru 2012

Experiences and Lessons Learned for the Future

The heavy rains at the beginning of 2012 in Peru forced the Government to declare a state of National Emergency in 18 regions of the country. One of the most affected areas was the Loreto region, in the country’s northeast. According to SENAMHI (National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology of Peru), historical rainfall amounts were exceeded. The losses in agricultural production and in the private and public infrastructure were very high, but the institutional response initially deployed was not enough to meet the needs of the population.

The population’s vulnerability increased as a result of the collapse of the sanitation systems. In addition, the extending area of dispersion of pathogen agents increased the probability of transmission of diseases from river waters. For this reason it became imperative for the water, sanitation and hygiene sector to give an immediate response in order to control the associated risks and minimize the impact on the population.

This publication, produced by PAHO/WHO, describes the process of implementing the humanitarian response activities, as well as the actions that contributed to the strengthening of local, sectorial, and regional communities, with special emphasis on lessons learned. To that end, primary and secondary sources were analyzed, technical staff from participating agencies was interviewed, and those who benefitted from the interventions were surveyed on the results.

The document includes a brief description of the country, the context and the exceptional levels reached by the floods, the affected areas, the Plan of Action for the response and the development of the activities of this plan and response coordination strategies, good practices and lessons learned from interventions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector.

This publication is only available in Spanish in PDF format. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to read the file. Download the software for free from the Adobe website.

Download the publication (4Mb)

 

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