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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

El Salvador 10/21/2014

Floods. Five people have died as a result of this month’s rainfall. The continued rain has produced landslides and the collapse of walls and drains. In addition, the landslide susceptibility conditions are moderate to high across the country. (o.s.: Civil Protection, SNET; m.c.: La Prensa Gráfica).

Guatemala 10/21/2014

Orange alert for rain. 64% of the territory has very high probabilities of landslides and floods. Unstable conditions continue throughout the country. There are 12.059 people affected due to landslides, flooding and damage to infrastructure. Increase in the flow of seven rivers and the collapse of drains have been attributed to the rainfall. (o.s.: CONRED; m.c.: Prensa Libre).

Honduras 10/21/2014

Floods. About 5,004 people are isolated and 4,998 more have been evacuated to shelters due to the rains that hit the country; three people have died and three are missing. In La Costa de los Amates about 3,000 people have been isolated by the flooding of the Goascoran river. In La Mosquitia the rising waters of the Coco River have left 2,004 people held isolated. Rainfall has also left 4,998 people affected, of which 2,499 have been evacuated and 2,499 are living in shelters. The rise of the Choluteca River has the lowlands of the south on alert. COPECO has alerted the population of water contamination in areas where floods and overflows have been recorded. (o.s.: COPECO; m.: La Tribuna).

Nicaragua 10/21/2014

Rainfall. A Yellow Alert remains in effect as rainfall is expected to persist in the country, mainly in Rivas, Granada, Masaya, San Juan River, Southern Caribbean and the Autonomous Region. 24 people have died and there are 60,000 people affected in 17 departments. 5,852 houses have been damaged, of which 881 have been vacated due to high risk. 224 miles of roads have been damaged and 87 have been destroyed, as well as wells, bridges and latrines. National response. (o.s.: INETER; m.: La Voz del Sandinismo).

Mexico 10/21/2014

Hurricane Trudy. At least six people were killed, 2,300 were evacuated and 16 people remained are isolated after the passage of Tropical Storm Trudy, that has since been downgraded to a depression, in the state of Guerrero. The natural phenomenon mainly affected the municipalities of Huamuxtitlán, Tlalixtaquilla and Malinaltepec. In Oaxaca the local government informed of the overflow of the Juchatengo and Toltec rivers. Authorities issued a preventive red alert both in Guerrero and Oaxaca, due to the heavy rains produced by the storm. (o.s.: Protección Civil; m.c.: CNN).

El Salvador 10/21/2014

Floods. Five people have died as a result of this month’s rainfall. The continued rain has produced landslides and the collapse of walls and drains. In addition, the landslide susceptibility conditions are moderate to high across the country. (o.s.: Civil Protection, SNET; m.c.: La Prensa Gráfica).



Response by the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector to the Floods in Loreto, Peru 2012

Experiences and Lessons Learned for the Future

The heavy rains at the beginning of 2012 in Peru forced the Government to declare a state of National Emergency in 18 regions of the country. One of the most affected areas was the Loreto region, in the country’s northeast. According to SENAMHI (National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology of Peru), historical rainfall amounts were exceeded. The losses in agricultural production and in the private and public infrastructure were very high, but the institutional response initially deployed was not enough to meet the needs of the population.

The population’s vulnerability increased as a result of the collapse of the sanitation systems. In addition, the extending area of dispersion of pathogen agents increased the probability of transmission of diseases from river waters. For this reason it became imperative for the water, sanitation and hygiene sector to give an immediate response in order to control the associated risks and minimize the impact on the population.

This publication, produced by PAHO/WHO, describes the process of implementing the humanitarian response activities, as well as the actions that contributed to the strengthening of local, sectorial, and regional communities, with special emphasis on lessons learned. To that end, primary and secondary sources were analyzed, technical staff from participating agencies was interviewed, and those who benefitted from the interventions were surveyed on the results.

The document includes a brief description of the country, the context and the exceptional levels reached by the floods, the affected areas, the Plan of Action for the response and the development of the activities of this plan and response coordination strategies, good practices and lessons learned from interventions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector.

This publication is only available in Spanish in PDF format. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to read the file. Download the software for free from the Adobe website.

Download the publication (4Mb)

 

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