Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Mexico 8/22/2014

Hurricane Marie. The Category 5 hurricane, with winds of 195 miles/hour, left 10,000 people affected in the state of Oaxaca, and caused the disappearance of three fishermen working in the tourist area of Los Cabos, in South Baja California. The local government has requested, to the National Disaster Fund, that 10 affected municipalities are declared emergency zones. (m.: El País, Milenio)

Peru 8/22/2014

Earthquake. The quake on 24 August, north of Coracoara, department of Ayacucho, had a magnitude of 6.6 in the Richter scale, according to the Peruvian Geophysical Institute and Civil Defense (INDECI) authorities. There were no fatalities. According to a preliminary report from INDECI, four people were injured; in addition, 16 families, 16 homes, 7 schools, a health center, and 50 irrigation canals were affected. One of the affected schools is inhabitable. Reports are still pending from other districts. Local response. (o.s. INDECI, IGP; m.: El Deber, El Comercio)

USA 8/22/2014

Earthquake in Napa, State of California. A 6.0-magnitude earthquake, on 24 August, was the strongest in the area, in 25 years. 172 people were injured in Napa and 20 more in Solano county. No damage reported in health facilities. The Governor of California declared a State of Emergency for South Napa due to damage to critical infrastructure, including power lines. Local response. (f.o.: Government of California, FEMA; m.c. CNN)

Mexico 8/22/2014

Hurricane Marie. The Category 5 hurricane, with winds of 195 miles/hour, left 10,000 people affected in the state of Oaxaca, and caused the disappearance of three fishermen working in the tourist area of Los Cabos, in South Baja California. The local government has requested, to the National Disaster Fund, that 10 affected municipalities are declared emergency zones. (m.: El País, Milenio)



Intense Rains Cause Severe Damage in the Region

In the last few weeks, heavy rains, landslides and floods have affected several countries in the Region (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, among others), that have caused emergency situations with personal and material losses.

In these types of emergencies PAHO/WHO recommends that the population increase hygiene measures, including washing hands with soap and water, storing food and medicine properly, and paying attention to the recommendations from authorities regarding the consumption of safe water.

In addition, it is important to keep spaces free of trash to avoid the collapse of the sewage system and the accumulation of stagnant water in reservoirs that can lead to the proliferation of mosquitoes. This will help prevent outbreaks of acute diarrheal infections, acute respiratory infections and other communicable diseases.

Water, sanitation and hygiene materials

PAHO/WHO’s Disasters Program has several practical guides on water and sanitation , as well as other material relevant to the response of emergencies caused by floods.

Water and sanitation
Response to emergencies and disasters
Preparedness
 

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Knowledge Center on Public Health and Disasters 

 


 

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