During emergencies, the physical well-being and health of children are at greater risk due to the constraints on mobilizing them swiftly. However, preparations to meet a possible disaster and the decisions made for the proper and timely protection of children before, during, and after such an event can be decisive in safeguarding their health, and averting further suffering and physical or emotional harm.
a census or registry of minors for the identification of children in
the geographical jurisdiction. Classify minors according to their age:
newborn (up to 30 days), children under one year old, from one to five
years old, and five years or older.
and record all newborns in the area and locate those with any of the
following problems: deficient thermoregulation, neonatal respiratory
insufficiency, and low birthweight. Assign daily special surveillance
to these cases.
- Set priorities for the care of newborns, chiefly for those with problems in regulating body temperature.
- Promote exclusive breast-feeding for infants under six months old.
the early immunization of minors, and ensure that vaccination series
are completed according to national standards or, lacking these, follow
the standards of the Expanded Program on Immunization of PAHO.
good nutrition for children, and monitor the protection of minors
through the supply of food supplements - where indicated - and
- Ensure that minors are ingesting enough fluids to prevent dehydration.
cases of children with diarrhea and respiratory infections, establish
appropriate treatment according to national standards, and monitor
cases up through the recovery phase. Duly report to the epidemiological
emergency surveillance system.
- Establish mechanisms to prevent accidents, violent acts against, and abuse of children.
- Insofar as possible, establish health care services with trained staff in the shelters and temporary refuges.
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