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Volcano Tungurahua - August 2006

The Tunguarahua volcano in Ecuador erupted on 16 August, and continued overnight before diminishing the following day. Massive clouds of ash, steam and gas (approximately 8 km high), as well as abundant lava and pyroclastic flows descended through Achupashal, Cusúa, Mandur, Bascún, Juive Grande and La Hacienda rifts.


The villages of Chilibu, Choglontuz and Palitagua were severely damaged.  Volcanic material was also reported in Baños and  blocked the Chambo and Puela rivers producing a dam and putting several communities at risk. The provinces of Los Ríos and Bolívar were also severely affected by ash fall.


 

Health Effects of Disasters



A short technical guide focused on the principal health hazards of volcanic eruptions, together with the basic planning measures the health sector can and should take to reduce potential effects.

Natural Disasters: Protecting the Public's Health PAHO’s flagship publication on managing the health effects of disasters, it has been translated into several languages.

Management of Dead Bodies A PAHO/WHO manual that calls attention to this disaster management issue and encourages authorities to make it part of disaster plans and a key component of humanitarian assistance.

Management of Dead Bodies after Natural Disasters A new PAHO/WHO/ICRC field operations manual for first responders.

 

Humanitarian Supply Management and Logistics in the Health Sector Guidelines on basic aspects of the logistics of humanitarian supply management at each level of the logistics "chain."

 

Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disasters This volume distills what is known about environmental health during an emergency or disaster. The volume is intended for practitioners, as well as for policy makers and researchers, and thus covers both general and technical aspects of environmental health.

 

 

 


 


Intense Rains Cause Severe Damage in the Region

In the last few weeks, heavy rains, landslides and floods have affected several countries in the Region (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, among others), that have caused emergency situations with personal and material losses.

In these types of emergencies PAHO/WHO recommends that the population increase hygiene measures, including washing hands with soap and water, storing food and medicine properly, and paying attention to the recommendations from authorities regarding the consumption of safe water.

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Tropical Storm Isaac

The final toll of Tropical Storm Isaac was two people dead in the U.S. and 24 in Haiti. In addition hundreds of thousands of people were left withtout electricity. In Haiti there was an increase in cholera cases and in the Dominican Republic  hundreds of people had to be moved to shelters. Also, in the Dominican Republic six hospitals and one health center were affected by the heavy rains. 

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Floods in Central America

The low pressure system that has hit Central America since October 10 has caused floods and landslides affecting 600,000 people in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua including 55,000 people displaced to 700 shelters in the countries. The Ministries of Health have reported damages to health centers and equipments, and loss of supplies. These issues put public health at risk if they are not addressed promptly. El Salvador has declared a national emergency, and Nicaragua and Guatemala has declared a state of emergency.

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The Cholera Epidemic Maintains its Hold in Haiti (10/21/2010)

Heavy Rains and Landslides Affect Guatemala (09/08/2010)

Earthquake in Chile - February 2010 (02/27/2010)

Earthquake in Haiti - January 2010 (01/13/2010)

Hurricane Ida - November 2009 (11/09/2009)

Pandemic (H1N1) - 2009 (04/30/2009)

2008 Hurricane Season (09/30/2008)

Tropical Storms of 2008 (06/09/2008)

Tropical Storm Olga - December 2007 (12/14/2007)

Tropical Storm Noel - November 2007 (10/29/2007)

Hurricane Felix - September 2007 (09/06/2007)

Hurricane Dean in the Caribbean and Mexico - August 2007 (08/17/2007)

Earthquake in Peru - August 2007 (08/16/2007)

Methanol Poisoning in Leon, Nicaragua - September 2006 (09/18/2006)

Volcano Tungurahua - August 2006 (08/16/2006)

Floods in Suriname - May 2006 (05/10/2006)

Floods in Bolivia - January/February 2006 (01/31/2006)

Hurricane Wilma - October 2005 (10/25/2005)

Hurricane Stan Affects Central America - October 2005 (10/07/2005)

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita - August 2005 (08/29/2005)

Hurricane Jeanne - September 2004 (09/18/2004)

Hurricane Ivan - September 2004 (09/09/2004)

Hurricane Frances - August/September 2004 (09/01/2004)

Torrential Rains and Flooding in the Dominican Republic and Haiti - May 2004 (05/21/2004)

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