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2008 Hurricane Season

At the season’s mid-point, storms started rolling quickly through the Caribbean

By mid-September, Hurricanes Faye, Gustav, Hanna and Ike had made their way across the Caribbean, causing significant damage before striking various parts of the U.S. coast, from Louisiana to Florida to South Carolina. Although the storms varied in strength when they made landfall—their sustained winds were not the major cause of damage, rather, flooding was the culprit. In Haiti, in particular, the ground was already saturated by Faye when Gustav, Hanna and Ike struck in rapid succession. (Click here for a PowerPoint presentation on the situation in the countries)

The country reports that follow chronicle the health impact of these disasters—from deaths and population displacement to water and sanitation and shelter management. Read more below on the situation in each country. Take special note of the important role played by two Emergency Operations Centers established several years ago in Haiti.
 

Situation Reports by Country

Cuba    Dominican Republic    Haiti    Jamaica    Turks and Caicos

 


Intense Rains Cause Severe Damage in the Region

In the last few weeks, heavy rains, landslides and floods have affected several countries in the Region (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, among others), that have caused emergency situations with personal and material losses.

In these types of emergencies PAHO/WHO recommends that the population increase hygiene measures, including washing hands with soap and water, storing food and medicine properly, and paying attention to the recommendations from authorities regarding the consumption of safe water.

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Tropical Storm Isaac

The final toll of Tropical Storm Isaac was two people dead in the U.S. and 24 in Haiti. In addition hundreds of thousands of people were left withtout electricity. In Haiti there was an increase in cholera cases and in the Dominican Republic  hundreds of people had to be moved to shelters. Also, in the Dominican Republic six hospitals and one health center were affected by the heavy rains. 

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Floods in Central America

The low pressure system that has hit Central America since October 10 has caused floods and landslides affecting 600,000 people in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua including 55,000 people displaced to 700 shelters in the countries. The Ministries of Health have reported damages to health centers and equipments, and loss of supplies. These issues put public health at risk if they are not addressed promptly. El Salvador has declared a national emergency, and Nicaragua and Guatemala has declared a state of emergency.

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More

The Cholera Epidemic Maintains its Hold in Haiti (10/21/2010)

Heavy Rains and Landslides Affect Guatemala (09/08/2010)

Earthquake in Chile - February 2010 (02/27/2010)

Earthquake in Haiti - January 2010 (01/13/2010)

Hurricane Ida - November 2009 (11/09/2009)

Pandemic (H1N1) - 2009 (04/30/2009)

2008 Hurricane Season (09/30/2008)

Tropical Storms of 2008 (06/09/2008)

Tropical Storm Olga - December 2007 (12/14/2007)

Tropical Storm Noel - November 2007 (10/29/2007)

Hurricane Felix - September 2007 (09/06/2007)

Hurricane Dean in the Caribbean and Mexico - August 2007 (08/17/2007)

Earthquake in Peru - August 2007 (08/16/2007)

Methanol Poisoning in Leon, Nicaragua - September 2006 (09/18/2006)

Volcano Tungurahua - August 2006 (08/16/2006)

Floods in Suriname - May 2006 (05/10/2006)

Floods in Bolivia - January/February 2006 (01/31/2006)

Hurricane Wilma - October 2005 (10/25/2005)

Hurricane Stan Affects Central America - October 2005 (10/07/2005)

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita - August 2005 (08/29/2005)

Hurricane Jeanne - September 2004 (09/18/2004)

Hurricane Ivan - September 2004 (09/09/2004)

Hurricane Frances - August/September 2004 (09/01/2004)

Torrential Rains and Flooding in the Dominican Republic and Haiti - May 2004 (05/21/2004)

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