General Information on Montserrat
Starting in 1995, the evacuation of population primarily to the UK, Antigua and other Caribbean Islands took place in phases as more and more districts in the south became at risk as the flows engulfed different valleys.
In 1998, the airport ceased operation as a result of the pyrocalstic flows. The volcano remains active and is expected to continue to erupt either continuously or intermittently, although no more than ash is expected to affect areas in the north. The volcanic activity has affected every aspect of life on Montserrat including the economy, politics, development, population, and the overall living conditions.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) plummeted from US$51.5 million in 1995, to US$34.6 million in 1999, and Montserrat has been heavily dependent on Her Majesty's Government (HMG), the Department for International Development (DFID) for budgetary aid and the essential infrastructure in the north of the island. Montserrat's fiscal policy is determined in consultation with DFID and its monetary policy through membership of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank.