In order to increase PAHO’s country presence in the Eastern Caribbean, the Office of Eastern Caribbean Countries (OECC) was established in September 2006. Its responsibility is to deliver PAHO/WHO’s technical cooperation (TC) in the Eastern Caribbean Countries and Territories, which are:
|Anguilla||Anguilla , Montserrat and British Virgin Islands|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Antigua and Barbuda|
|Saint Lucia||Saint Lucia|
|St. Kitts and Nevis||St. Kitts and Nevis|
|St. Vincent and the Grenadines||St. Vincent and the Grenadines|
The Office of Caribbean Program Coordination (OCPC) and OECC share common premises in Barbados, kindly provided by the Government of Barbados. These two offices are entities with different responsibilities and management structures. Dr. Ernest Pate is currently acting as the PAHO/WHO Representative in the Office of Eastern Caribbean Coordination (ECC) and is the Caribbean Program Coordinator (CPC) for the OCPC, which covers sub-regional technical cooperation. Both Offices are supported by a common administrative team.
PAHO in the Caribbean
There is a long history of PAHO involvement in the Caribbean, since Zone Offices were created in 1951 before any of the territories had gained their independence. The Zone I office in Caracas, Venezuela, had the responsibility for technical cooperation with the Caribbean Territories.
In the 1960s, as the countries became independent and formally joined PAHO as individual sovereign states, the role of the Zone Offices changed. In this post-independence era the first English-speaking Caribbean country to join PAHO was Jamaica on August 23, 1962. Other countries gained membership with the organization in the following order:
|Date of Membership||Country|
|1963||September 20||Trinidad & Tobago|
|1964||October 8||The Bahamas|
|1980||September 22||St. Lucia|
|September 21||Saint Vincent & the Grenadines|
|1982||September 20||Antigua & Barbuda|
|1984||September 24||Saint Kitts & Nevis|
As the role of the Zone Offices changed Country Offices were created, each headed by a Representative of the Director. In 1975 the Zone Offices were designated Area Offices but Caracas still retained responsibility for much of the technical cooperation in the English-speaking Caribbean sub-region.
In 1978 the Office of Caribbean Program Coordination was established in Barbados in recognition of the commonality of health problems in the sub-region. This similarity of health systems originated in the common historical development and the long standing tradition of collaboration in health among these countries. Many of the resources were transferred from Caracas.
At this time, in addition to the Office of Caribbean Program Coordination, the English-speaking Caribbean is served by Country Offices headed by PAHO/WHO Representatives (PWRs) in the:
The Dutch Islands are served through the Office in Venezuela and other non English-speaking Caribbean countries are served through Offices in Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
All countries have access to all PAHO resources located at the Regional level, in other Country Offices and in other PAHO Centers through their designated PAHO/WHO Representative. The PAHO Centers are:
|BIREME||Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information, Brazil|
|CLAP||Latin American Center for Perinatology and Human Development, Uruguay|
|PANAFTOSA||Pan American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Center, Brazil|
PAHO can mobilize resources from selected national Centers of Excellence with which it has Collaborative Agreements. These are known as WHO or PAHO Collaborating Centers.
Please click on the link below for information pertaining Member States and Quota Contributions: