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Challenges in the U.S. - Mexico Border
Addressing complex social and behavioral risk factors as well as conditions that seriously deteriorate the health of the border population constitutes a crucial challenge for border public health institutions. Some of the most important challenges confronting the border include:

 
• Chronic, non-communicable diseases and their risk factors rank first in morbidity and mortality and represent the most important burden disease that affects the border population.
• Intentional and unintentional injuries, particularly due to violence and those caused by traffic accidents on roads and highways are among the most common causes of death and disability along the border, primarily affecting the young population.
• HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) represent a growing concern; especially as a TB/HIV co infection, and antibiotic-resistant TB.
• The growing problem of mental health disorders, such as addictions and its consequences.
• Soil, air and water contamination processes, as well as exposure to dangerous substances (persistent organic compounds, pesticides, solvents and others) and heavy metals, as well as the risk of vector-borne diseases are some of the most pressing environmental health problems.
• Development of emergency preparedness and disaster plans. Due to the physical and social vulnerability of the border area, it is important to prepare for emergency and disasters in addition to developing contingency and mitigation plans to face climate change and its manifestations.
• Strengthen institutional capacity and the Essential Public Health Functions.
• Access to efficient health services given with quality and cordiality, especially through the primary health services.
• Increase and strengthen human resources in public health, with a focus on intercultural competence.
• Possess information systems and epidemiological surveillance.
• Increase evaluation and monitoring in order to identify effective interventions and good practices.
• Promote research and the practical implementation of evidence in the development of public policies.
• Utilize modern communication techniques for the dissemination and exchange of technical-scientific knowledge and information.

Strategies in the U.S. - Mexico Border

TECHNICAL COOPERATION STRATEGIES
• Development of policies, plans and norms.
• Mobilization of resources.
• Management of strategic alliances.
• Training of human resources.
• Dissemination of the information.
• Direct technical cooperation.
• Promotion of research.
• Strengthening of local capacity.
• Promotion of collaboration between institutions and sectors.

 

 

 



 

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