EOC Situation Report #21
Thursday, 11 June 2009
6:00 pm, EDT
- The World Health Organization raised its global pandemic alert level to Phase 6 today. This means that sustained community transmission of a new influenza virus has now been confirmed in more than one WHO region, and that a global pandemic is now officially declared. Read the Director General's statement to the press.
- It is important to note that the change in phase reflects geographical spread of the new influenza A (H1N1) virus, and not the severity of illness that it causes.
- At this time, WHO considers the overall severity of the influenza pandemic to be moderate. This assessment is based on scientific evidence available to WHO, as well as input from its Member States on the pandemic's impact on their health systems, and their social and economic functioning.
- Countries should prepare to see cases, or the further spread of cases, in the near future. Countries where outbreaks appear to have peaked should prepare for a second wave of infection.
- Guidance on specific protective and precautionary measures has been sent to ministries of health in all countries. Countries with no or only a few cases should remain vigilant.
- Countries with widespread transmission should focus on the appropriate management of patients. The testing and investigation of patients should be limited, as such measures are resource intensive and can very quickly strain capacities.
- WHO continues to recommend no restrictions on travel and no border closures.
- For the latest reports on the status of Influenza A(H1N1) in the Americas please check the daily epidemiological alerts available in the PAHO website.
- Guidance for national authorities.
- PAHO's influenza A (H1N1) portal.
- Pan American Health Organization website.
- World Health Organization website.
- For constant updates on the influenza A(H1N1) situation, check the PAHO and WHO channels in Twitter.
The PAHO/WHO Emergency Operations Center Situation Report will issue situation reports as the situation requires.
- Situation Report # 21, June 11 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 20, May 22 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 19, May 15 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 18, May 12 (PDF) -English - Spanish - French
Documents at the Regional Level
- Treatment Gap in the Americas
- Supporting the Implementation of Mental Health Policies in the Americas: A Human Rights Law-Based Approach
- Promoting Health, Mental Health. In: Pan American Health Organization. Health In the Americas: 2007. Washington, D.C.: PAHO, 2007. Vol 1-Regional. (PAHO, PAHO Scientific and Technical Publication No. 622) p. 134.135.
- PAHO and the Reformulation of Mental Health in the Americas
- Innovative mental health programs in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Framework for the Implementation of the Regional Strategy on Mental Health,
Epilepsy and Other Neurological Disorders
- Report on Epilepsy in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Neurological Disorders: Public Health Challenges, WHO, 2006
- Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Humanitarian Emergencies: What Should Humanitarian Health Actors Know?, IASC, 2010
- IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings, IASC, 2007
- Dementia: a public health priority, 2012
- Culture et santé mentale en Haïti :une revue de littérature
Mental Health and Primary Health Care
- Pharmacological Treatment of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care, WHO, 2009
- New joint WHO/Wonca report 'Integrating mental health into primary care - a global perspective', WHO/Wonca, 2008
- mhGAP module Assessment Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress, WHO, 2013
- mhGAP Mental Health Action Programme, WHO 2008
- mhGAP Intervention Guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings. WHO, 2010
- mhGAP Flyer - mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP)
mhGAP Plyer. mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP)
Sólo en inglés
Mental Health and Emergencies
- Iniciativa para el Control de los Trastornos Afectivos; Conozca la Depresión y Enfréntela. Vicente, B. OPS, 1999
(Available only in Spanish)