EOC Situation Report #21
Thursday, 11 June 2009
6:00 pm, EDT
- The World Health Organization raised its global pandemic alert level to Phase 6 today. This means that sustained community transmission of a new influenza virus has now been confirmed in more than one WHO region, and that a global pandemic is now officially declared. Read the Director General's statement to the press.
- It is important to note that the change in phase reflects geographical spread of the new influenza A (H1N1) virus, and not the severity of illness that it causes.
- At this time, WHO considers the overall severity of the influenza pandemic to be moderate. This assessment is based on scientific evidence available to WHO, as well as input from its Member States on the pandemic's impact on their health systems, and their social and economic functioning.
- Countries should prepare to see cases, or the further spread of cases, in the near future. Countries where outbreaks appear to have peaked should prepare for a second wave of infection.
- Guidance on specific protective and precautionary measures has been sent to ministries of health in all countries. Countries with no or only a few cases should remain vigilant.
- Countries with widespread transmission should focus on the appropriate management of patients. The testing and investigation of patients should be limited, as such measures are resource intensive and can very quickly strain capacities.
- WHO continues to recommend no restrictions on travel and no border closures.
- For the latest reports on the status of Influenza A(H1N1) in the Americas please check the daily epidemiological alerts available in the PAHO website.
- Guidance for national authorities.
- PAHO's influenza A (H1N1) portal.
- Pan American Health Organization website.
- World Health Organization website.
- For constant updates on the influenza A(H1N1) situation, check the PAHO and WHO channels in Twitter.
The PAHO/WHO Emergency Operations Center Situation Report will issue situation reports as the situation requires.
- Situation Report # 21, June 11 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 20, May 22 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 19, May 15 (PDF) - English - Spanish - French
- Situation Report # 18, May 12 (PDF) -English - Spanish - French
- Leprosy in Cuba, 2007
- The Burden of Neglected Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean Compared with Some Other Communicable Diseases, 2006
- Leprosy in Ecuador, 2006
In Ecuador, leprosy control can be divided into two stages: before and after multidrug therapy (MDT). Before MDT, the disease was considered incurable and mutilating; patients were kept apart from others and isolated in leper colonies, repelled by both society and medical staff, thus resulting in their being transferred to remote places. After MDT, the panorama changed.
- Leprosy Detection Rate, 2005
- Situation Report: Leprosy in the Americas 2007
The endemic countries of the Americas continued to take substantive action that helped keep leprosy on the political agenda, as well as implementing the Global Strategy for Further Reducing the Leprosy Burden and Sustaining Control Activities.
- Weekly epidemiological record, 2006
The Global Strategy for Further Reducing the Leprosy Burden and Sustaining Leprosy Control Activities (Plan Period: 2006–2010) has evolved from the WHO Strategic Plan for the Elimination of Leprosy 2000–2005.
- Leprosy Situation: Region of the Americas, beginning of 2006
Leprosy Situation: Region of the Americas, beginning of 2006
- Leprosy Detection Rate, 2006
Leprosy Detection Rate in the Americas.
- Status of Leprosy in the Region of the Americas, 2005
The WHO Region of the Americas consists of 35 countries with a total population of approximately 879,617,000 inhabitants as of 2004. In the Region, there are very large countries—such as the United States, Brazil, and Mexico—that represent 66.2% of the total population, as well as very small countries—such as Grenada, Aruba, Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, and Bermuda, among others— that make up barely 0.06%.
- Weekly epidemiological record, 2004