This Country-level approach to surveillance of Chronic Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) uses a step-wise method through the reporting of core and expanded data sets. The PAHO Inter-programmatic NCD surveillance working group developed first compendium of the indicators during the period of March 2007 to June 2008 (called Minimum, optimum and optional data set for NCDs).
The scope of the work is based on WHO’s principles for risk factor surveillance and PAHO’s Core Health Data Initiative. This second revised edition of the Compendium (2014) includes global and regional level indicators to measure NCD prevention and control and it was developed collaboratively, with a number of individual chronic disease surveillance stakeholders from within PAHO/WHO and other organizations.
The data set combines multiple data sources in one functional annual reporting system as a foundation for CNCD surveillance. The data set is a contribution to remedy the fragmentation of traditional country surveillance systems where each program or sector follows its own data and indicators, lacking the integration and ignoring context and other sectors’ information.. The guidelines in this document are designed to improve the quality and consistency of data collected at the country level, which will enhance the accuracy of conclusions drawn from the data at national, regional and global levels. The Compendium is intended to serve as a "living document," subject to future revisions as the NCD programs moves forward, and to reflect the needs and experiences at the regional and global level.