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Salt Reduction


Reducing dietary salt is recommended by the recent United Nations Summit to prevent non communicable diseases and the World Health Organization to improve population health. Excess dietary salt increases blood pressure causing approximately 30% of hypertension and is a probable pro carcinogen for gastric cancer and is also associated with kidney stones and osteoporosis.

Where assessed, the salt consumption is more than 5/g day, maximum quantity recommended by WHO. African descent people are particularly susceptible to the adverse blood pressure effects of excess salt. High levels of blood pressure is a contributory factor in at least 40% of all heart disease and stroke which represent 45 % of NCDs. Hypertension is a major health risk in the Americas where between 20-35% of the adult population has elevated blood pressure.



PAHO/WHO urges countries to reduce salt intake to prevent hypertension and heart disease

Side event at UN NCD Review highlights initiatives to reduce salt in 12 countries of the Americas, as part of the "Salt-Smart Americas" initiative. Reducing salt consumption at the population level could save some 8.5 million lives globally over 10 years by reducing hypertension, the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, research suggests. At a special event on 10 July at United Nations headquarters, experts from the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization and PAHO/WHO Member States urged more countries to launch national salt reduction initiatives to prevent hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Links:  Press release
Salt-Smart Americas: A Guide for Country-Level Action UN NCD Review High-level meeting
Posters: Salt reduction awareness 2014 #1 Salt reduction awareness 2014 #2

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