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Anopheles Malaria is a disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Only the Anopheles genus of the mosquito can transmit Malaria. The symptoms of the disease include fever, vomiting and/or headache. A person with a classical bout of malaria presents with “fever, sweating and chills” which appear 10 to 15 days after the mosquito bite. 
   Blood slides are examined under a microscope to diagnose malaria, where the parasite is seen inside red blood cells. Rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) are generally used for diagnosing malaria in remote areas where microscopes cannot be used or are unavailable. Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum are the most common malarial parasites, while P. malariae and P. ovale are other rarer forms. Of these, infection with P. falciparum is the most fatal if left untreated and may lead to complications, and even death. 
   Chloroquine was the treatment of choice for malaria and is still used in most countries for treatment of P. vivax, but P. falciparum has developed widespread resistance to it and presently Artemisinin-based combination therapy is advised as the primary treatment for this parasite. Among preventive measures, use of insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying of insecticides are those recommended for malaria; they act by decreasing exposure to bites of infected mosquitoes.

AnophelesMalaria is a disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium, transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Only the Anopheles genus of the mosquito can transmit malaria. The symptoms of the disease include fever, vomiting and/or headache. A person with a classical bout of malaria presents with fever, sweating and chills that appear 10 to 15 days after the mosquito bite.
     To diagnose malaria, Blood slides are examined under a microscope, where the parasite is seen inside red blood cells. Rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) are generally used for diagnosing malaria in remote areas where microscopes cannot be used or are unavailable. Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum are the most common malarial parasites, while P. malariae and P. ovale are other rarer forms. Of these, infection with P. falciparum is the most fatal if left untreated and may lead to complications, and even death.
     Chloroquine was the treatment of choice for malaria and is still used in most countries for treatment of P. vivax, but P. falciparum has developed widespread resistance to it and presently Artemisinin-based combination therapy is advised as the primary treatment for this parasite. Among preventive measures, use of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying of insecticides are those recommended for malaria; they act by decreasing exposure to bites by infected mosquitoes.

Last Updated on Thursday, 29 November 2012 16:07

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