Cuba’s expertise in vector control has met with high demand in Port-au-Prince following the 12 January earthquake. Health promoters based in tent cities of the countless homeless have called on the Cubans to provide a variety of preventive anti-vector interventions to avoid the spread of typhoid fever, diphtheria, leptospirosis, dengue, and malaria in the camps. Rodenticide has been applied over a 40,000-square-meter area, mosquito spraying over some 93,000 square meters, and close to 6,000 mosquito breeding sites have been destroyed in the 77 settlements visited by 65 specialists.
Gonzalo Estévez, an epidemiologist with the Cuban Medical Brigade, advised media officials that a contingency of epidemiologists, entomologists, and fumigation crews arrived in Haiti on 24 January specially equipped with tools and materials that will enable them to maneuver safely and effectively among large settlements of people, while at the same time ensuring protection against disease-spreading vectors over the widest radius possible.
As of the third week following the earthquake, the Cuban medical mission brigade includes more than 900 collaborators; more than half of these are working in neighborhoods across the Haitian capital, and some 380 are Haitian doctors who received their medical training in Cuba.