At its second meeting in July 2007 the Conference of the Parties (COP) decided (FCTC/CP2 ) to establish an Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB), open to all Parties to draft and negotiate a protocol on illicit trade in tobacco products that extend and complement the provisions of Article 15 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
According to this decision, the INB held its first meeting in Geneva in February 2008, followed by a second meeting in October 2008. It decided at its third meeting, held in November 2008 that the third meeting of the INB will be held in Geneva from 28 June to 5 July 2009.
The Office of the ONI has six members, each of which represents a region of WHO. The current Office of the ONI is made up of representatives of the European Community, Ghana, India, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia and Oman.
First Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (INB 1)The first session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB) on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was held in Geneva from February 11-16, 2008. Representatives of 132 Parties as well as observers - States non-Parties, intergovernmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations - participated in the session. The template for a protocol on illicit trade prepared by the expert group established at the first session of the COP was used by the INB as a basis for initiating the drafting negotiations. Parties discussed the need for a comprehensive set of provisions to secure the supply chain of tobacco products regarding, inter alia: licensing, anti-money laundering provisions, tracking and tracing, record-keeping, additional security and preventive measures, enhanced law enforcement capacity, effective deterrent measures, search, confiscation and seizures, destruction and disposal, proceeds of crime and seizure of assets, and international cooperation. The Chairperson of the INB (Mr Ian Walton-George, European Community), with the support of the Convention Secretariat and relevant experts, elaborated a chairperson's text which was submitted to the second session of the INB.
Second Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (INB 2)The second session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB) was held in Geneva from October 20–25, 2008. It was attended by representatives of 133 Parties, as well as 16 States non-Parties, two intergovernmental organizations and nine nongovernmental organizations accredited as observers to the Conference of the Parties.
The Chairperson’s text was accepted as the basis for negotiations. Particular issues were raised about the scope and the title of the protocol. It was also requested that the text includes references to the primacy of public health objective and to the linkage between illicit trade and the tobacco industry.
The INB examined the Chairperson’s text, focusing on supply chain control, enforcement, and international cooperation. The INB also requested the Chairperson to elaborate a revised Chairperson’s text for consideration at its third session, taking into account the discussions and proposals made at the second session.
Third Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (INB 3)
The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB) on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was held in Geneva from June 28 to July 5, 2009 .