Since the early 1990’s the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has been preparing national health expenditure and financing estimates for countries in the Americas and promoting its use for policy making. PAHO’s technical cooperation in Health Accounts (HA) / National Health Accounts (NHA) includes: i) technical and financial support for developing country studies on the composition of National Health Expenditures and Financing (NHE&F) indicators; ii) annual preparation of regional estimates; iii) technical assistance on harmonization / institutionalization and use of health economic indicators; and iv) dissemination of information and promotion of country cooperation on health accounts.
Every country in the Region has at least one study of health expenditure and financing, some studies have been prepared with support from other institutions. Among the studies supported by PAHO have been done in El Salvador, Paraguay, Panama and Costa Rica.
Regional estimates have been published in the “Health in The Americas 1998, 2002 and 2007”; in the PAHO Basic Indicator Data Base available online; and annually in the “Basic Indicators Fact Sheets 1994 – 2009.”
Four Sub-regional Workshops on Harmonization of Health Accounts and Social Protection took place between 2003 and 2006: Central America; Andean Community; the Southern Cone, in coordination with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC); and the Caribbeancountries, in coordination with CARICOM and the Standing Committee of Caribbean Statisticians (SCCS). The purpose of these workshops was to review and discuss the methodological definitions used in the estimation of health and social protection indicators in order to achieve a regular production of these indicators. They offered the opportunity to review national experiences in the development of health and social protection expenditure estimates; to identify methodological guidelines to allow the inclusion of health economic indicators in the national systems of statistics and accounts; to strengthen national capacities in the application and use of the indicators for policy formulation; and to promote technical cooperation among countries.
A proposed first version of a Manual on the Health Satellite Account (HSA) was prepared by a group of international and PAHO experts in 2005 as a result of the discussions derived from the Harmonization workshops. The document offers a methodological proposal for the formulation of health sector accounts, under the United Nations System of National Accounts 1993 (SNA 93) analytical framework. The Manual was discussed in a First Workshop on Satellite Health Accounts in the Americas organized in coordination with the Brazilian Institute of Statistics (IBGE) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on May 30-31, 2005.
A Regional Technical Consultation on the Harmonization of Health Accounts and the National Accounts Systems in countries of the Americas took place in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, in July 2005. The objective of the Workshop was to listen to the opinions of experts on national accounts systems in the Region about the possibilities of harmonizing the concepts, classifications, and estimation methods used under the different approaches to developing health accounts.
A second Workshop on Health Satellite Accounts in the Americas in coordination with ECLAC, took place in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic on July 2007. Following up on country experiences in the development of health satellite accounts and social protection, the participants discussed on the use of the resulting economic and financial indicators in the formulation of public policies in health.
A Second Experts Meeting took place in Panama in October 29-30, 2009 in coordination with ECLAC. The objective of the Workshop was to obtain a first round of guidelines and experts’ recommendations to be included on a new document (Guidelines/Manual) to promote the development and use of health satellite accounts in the design of public health policies. A summary of these results was prepared on a joint PAHO/ECLAC/Ministry of Health of Chile meeting, held in Santiago de Chile, November 2009.
Health Satellite Accounts in the Americas will be held in PAHO Headquarters, Washington DC on March 25-26, 2010.
A new Technical Consultation on Health Satellite Accounts in the Americas will be held in PAHO Headquarters, Washington DC on March 25-26, 2010. The main objective of this Technical Consultation is to promote an exchange among professionals with actual experience in the development of satellite accounts on the type of policy issues underlying the approaches taken; the conceptual and methodological issues addressed in its implementation; and on issues that may have facilitated or prevented the use of satellite accounts results in policy making process. The lessons learnt from country experiences in the development of health satellite accounts, will be incorporated in a revised version of PAHO’s Manual/Guidelines for the development and use of HSA on public policy for health and health systems development. Also, a revised version of the PAHO’s Manual/Guidelines will incorporate the recommendations on health accounting included in the new version of the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008). (More ...)
Recent country reports on Health Satellite Accounts / Informes recientes sobre Cuentas Satélite de Salud
Instituto Brasilero de Geografía y Estadística – IBGE
Cuentas Satélite de Salud de Brasil 2000-2005
Economia da Saúde. Una perspectiva macroeconomica 2000-2005. Setembro 2008
Ministerio de Salud de Chile
Cuentas Satélite de Salud, 2003-2007
Sobre el Trabajo del Ministerio de Salud en temas de Economía de la Salud
Gender Approach to Health Accounts: Household Sector Satellite Accounts / Cuentas de Salud con enfoque de género: Cuentas Satélite del Sector Hogares
Taller Internacional sobre Cuentas Satélites de los Hogares: Género y Salud: Midiendo la Contribución del Trabajo no Remunerado de la Mujer en la Salud y el Desarrollo. Santiago, Chile, 5-6 de junio de 2006
La Economía Invisible y las Desigualdades de Género: La Importancia de Medir y Valorar el Trabajo No-remunerado
(English version, forthcoming)
Recent country reports on Household Satellite Accounts / Informes recientes sobre Cuentas Satélite de Salud con enfoque de género
Cuenta Satélite del Sector Hogares – MéxicoSCNM Cuentas por Sectores Institucionales. Cuenta satélite del subsector informal de los hogares
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