13th Meeting of Directors of Rabies Control Programs and Meeting for the Control of Canine Leishmaniasis in the Americas
(Buenos Aires, 24–26 August 2010)
- Analyze the progress made in the elimination of human rabies transmitted by dogs.
- Propose strategies to achieve the elimination of the disease and the timely and coordinated mobilization of resources to areas where transmission still persists.
- Analyze wildlife rabies surveillance and prevention strategies.
- Analyze canine leishmaniasis surveillance and prevention strategies.
Meeting Documentation site (documents in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French)
REDIPRA site at PANAFTOSA (in Spanish)
REDIPRA 13 will be held in Buenos Aires from 24 to 26 August 2010, organized jointly by the Pan American Sanitary Bureau, the World Organization for Animal Health, and the Government of Argentina.
Summary: The countries of the Hemisphere are on the road to eliminating human rabies transmitted by dogs. In 1983, a regional program to eliminate human rabies transmitted by dogs, sponsored by PAHO/WHO, was launched that helped dramatically reduce the incidence of human and canine rabies: in 2009, 16 cases of human rabies were reported, 10 of which had been transmitted by dogs (> 97% reduction in the incidence of human rabies).
This progress was primarily due to mass canine vaccination programs in the municipios, in which all levels of government and society participated.
The 48th Directing Council of PAHO/WHO adopted Resolution CD48.R13 urging the countries to eliminate human rabies transmitted by dogs by 2012. At REDIPRA 12, held in Antigua Guatemala in 2008, the existing gaps were analyzed and specific actions to achieve this objective were recommended for each country. The countries are working to achieve this objective and, if they can overcome a few obstacles, the majority will do so.
In order to complete the elimination of canine rabies and prevent cases of wildlife rabies, it is essential to avoid the cycles of recurrence observed as a result of the excessive optimism that arose with the reduction in the incidence of human rabies. The countries should act on the WHO and OIE Code recommendations on effective protection for people who have been exposed, prevention of the spread of canine rabies across borders, the strengthening of monitoring and international reporting mechanisms, and articulation of the alert mechanisms spelled out in the International Health Regulations (IHR )and the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code 2008.
Recent years have witnessed a troubling increase in the incidence, case-fatality, and geographical distribution of visceral leishmaniasis, along with a change in the epidemiology of the disease, which is taking root in urban and peri-urban areas with heightened virulence. As dogs are the reservoir of this disease, it was considered advisable for the issue to be addressed at this meeting.