The report explains how the revised International Health Regulations (2005), which came into force this year, helps countries to work together to identify risks and act to contain and control them. The regulations are needed because no single country, regardless of capability or wealth, can protect itself from outbreaks and other hazards without the cooperation of others. The report says the prospect of a safer future is within reach - and that this is both a collective aspiration and a mutual responsibility.
Adopted by the Twenty-second World Health Assembly on 25 July 1969 represent a revised and consolidated version of the previous International Sanitary Regulations. The purpose of the International Health Regulations is to ensure the maximum security against the international spread diseases with a minimum interference with world traffic. Following the increasing emphasis on epdemiological surveillance for communicable disease recognition and control.
The International Health Regulations (“the IHR” or “Regulations”) were adopted by the Health Assembly in 1969, having been preceded by the International Sanitary Regulations adopted by the Fourth World Health Assembly in 1951. The 1969 Regulations, which initially covered six “quarantinable diseases” were amended in 19732 and 19813, primarily to reduce the number of covered diseases from six to three (yellow fever, plague and cholera) and to mark the global eradication of smallpox.