|Social Protection in Health|
Technical Cooperation Issues
Social Protection in Health means "warranty, given by society, through public authorities, for an individual, or group of individuals, can satisfy their health needs and demands obtaining adequate access to Health system or any of the health subsystems in the country, without the ability to pay be a limiting factor. "
Social Health Protection is a framework for the building of access to adequate health care, understanding it as a right or a preferential good. Social Protection Policies in Health should aim at universality, ensuring access, quality, timeliness and financial protection for individuals, families and community. However, although universal, these policies should be alert to produce special responses to special needs, being permeable to gender approach and proactive in addressing the needs of ethnic and cultural minorities.
Social protection in health is not a static concept. On the contrary, it is evolving, and policies that comprise consolidated progressively, increasing the effective range of the common good in the health field.
To give support to social protection approach in public health policies, It is needed to achieve a certain degree of social agreement. In turn, these processes of social dialogue and agreement contribute to social cohesion based on democratic values through social appropriation of the concept of right to health and roll of the state and citizens in the realization of this right.
The focus of social protection in health is also quite consistent with the objective of universal health coverage, defined as the situation in which every citizen is has health care services he needs without incurring into financial risk.
From a strategic perspective, social health protection should be implemented following the values and principles of Primary Health Care, namely, right to the highest attainable health, equity and solidarity. This conceptual model integrate social protection, universal coverage and renewed primary health care, can further transform health systems towards more integrated, people-centered and equitable.Background
Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization