This report presents information about the health situation and trend in Brazil. The document is written in portuguese.
It includes a number of cross-sectional descriptive analyses and an ecological time series – with time and space aggregated – of selected health indicators of the countries of the Americas.2 For socioeconomic and demographic indicators, the period of analysis is defined as the years from 1990 to 2008. For mortality data, every year since 1985 with available data was included.
The source of the analyzed indicators was the information database of the Regional Basic Health Indicators Initiative (IRDBS), updated in October 2008. The data included in the information database of the IRDBS come from several sources: a) demographic data, from the Population Division of the United Nations and from the Center for International Programs at the United States Census Bureau (USA); b) economic data, from the World Bank (WB); c) morbidity data, as well as those of access, resources, and health services coverage, from the Technical Areas of PAHO, originally obtained from each individual country; and d) data of mortality and information on underlying causes of death, from the Regional Database of Mortality of PAHO/WHO.
The selection of indicators for the analysis was based on availability, importance, and synthesis feasibility. Spatial units refer to a selected country, to the countries of the Americas as a whole, or to an aggregate of countries defined as a stratum, which is relatively uniform in terms of income and population size.
The strata of countries were defined by their classification according to Gross National Income PPP [adjusted for the value of monetary power purchasing parity (PPP)-INBppa] and by the median size of their population for the year 2008,5 for all the countries of the Americas.
It is expected that this document generate useful knowledge of the health status of countries studied and contribute to decision-making processes at both the national and international level, with the informed participation of political leaders, health professionals, and the larger community..
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