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Premature NCD deaths

Situation: In the Region of the Americas approximately  44% of total death occurred before the age of 70 years old. In lower and upper middle income countries about 52% of deaths occurred before that age compared with 35% in high income countries, an excess of 17% of deaths.   

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Diabetes mellitus

deaths due to Diabetes ocurred every year in the Region of the Americas

Avoidable mortality by Diabetes

Ischemic Heart Diseases

of deaths in the Americas are due to Ischemic Heart Diseases

Leading causes of death in the Americas 

Find below data, analysis and information based on the WHO Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) framework.

Mortality and morbidity

ImageDiabetes mellitus
Trends, avoidable mortality and inequality

ImageCardiovascular diseases
Situation and trend

Risk Factors

Common, preventable risk factors underlie most noncommunicable diseases. Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).


Health System

Surveillance for NCDs should cover monitoring of risk factors, health outcomes (mortality and morbidity) and system capacity. Significant progress has been made over the past ten years on risk factor surveillance, including population-based data on the behavioural (harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and tobacco use) and biological risk factors (raised blood glucose, raised blood pressure, abnormal blood lipids and overweight/obesity). 

Risk factors & Cancer Registry


:: UN High level meeting on Non Communicable Diseases
:: Non-Communicable Disease Regional Program
:: Priorities of cardiovascular diseases in the Americas (Full text, pdf)
:: Prevention of cardiovascular Diseases. Guidelines for assessment and management of cardivascular risks
:: Global Status Report on NCDs
:: Noncommunicable diseases country profiles, 2011
:: Global InfoBase


Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

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