Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health
- Políticas públicas para ganar a los “agentes y vectores”
de la epidemia de obesidad
Presentación: Politicas Publicas para frenar la epidemia de obesidad,
Dr. Enrique Jacoby
No menos de uno de cada dos adultos y cerca un tercio de los escolares, tienen sobrepeso u obesidad en las Américas. Esto no ha ocurrido misteriosamente sino como resultado de la progresiva penetración de los “alimentos” industriales procesados o popularmente conocidos como comida chatarra. En esta presentación del Dr. Jacoby pasa revista a los peligros de salud de los productos procesados, de alto contenido en sal, azúcar y grasas, al tiempo que se muestra la creciente penetración de la industria multinacional en el hemisferio. Qué hacer? Nos propone Jacoby tomar el ejemplo del tabaco y alcohol para regular PRECIO, DISPONIBILIDAD Y PROMOCION de los productos procesados pero sin olvidar, y aquí la cosa es diferente al tabaco, la necesidad de que los gobiernos protejan y desarrollen una infraestructura del buen comer que requiere fortalecer la producción de alimentos frescos (enteros), apoyo a la agricultura familiar, defender y alentar las tradiciones culinarias nacionales, y mantener la práctica de cocinar en casa, llevándola también a la escuela.
- Latin American countries crack down on junk food, reports The Lancet
Efforts by Latin American countries to fight childhood obesity through tougher regulation of marketing and promotion of processed foods are the focus of an article in the latest issue of The Lancet. The article describes new regulatory legislation designed to reduce children’s consumption of processed foods in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Peru. The article cites PAHO’s 2011 recommendations on regulation of marketing and advertising of food to children and quotes Luis Fernando Leanes, PAHO/WHO Representative in Peru. Read the article here.
Experto en Nutrición de OPS sostuvo que "la publicidad de alimientos no saludables es dañina para los niños" 21 February 201
Documents and publications
- WHO. Implementation of the Global Strategy on Diet, physical Activity and health. Guide for Population-based Approaches to Increasing Levels of Physical Activity. 2007
This guide was initially developed by participants at the World Health Organization (WHO) Workshop on Physical Activity and Public Health, 24-27 October 2005, Beijing, China. The aims of the workshop were to: examine the evidence for health benefits of physical activity...
- WHO. Set of recommendations on the Marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages to children, 2010 This document calls for global action to reduce the impact on children of marketing of foods high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt. It is developed to facilitate the policy processes and mechanisms to reach this aim...
- WHO. Preventing Non-communicable Diseases in the Workplace through Diet and Physical Activity, 2008
In 2005, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 60% of all projected deaths worldwide – i.e. an estimated 35 million people died of NCDs (1). Some 80% of the deaths from NCDs occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- WHO. Promoting Physical Activity in Schools An important element of a health-promoting school, 2007 This document introduces school-based strategies of health promotion to foster physical activity. While the concepts introduced in this document apply to all countries, some of the provided examples and strategies might be more relevant to certain countries than to others.
- Recommendations from a PAHO expert consultation on marketing food and alcoholic beverages to children- flyer
The WHO Set of Recommendations consists of general principles that require additional guidance in order to be applied as concrete policies in national contexts. Recommendation 8 specifically states that "Member States should cooperate" in developing policies to "reduce the impact of cross-border marketing." Following this recommendation, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) formed an Expert Consultation Group to develop more concrete recommendations for the Americas.
- Experts Food Marketing to Children (POR)
- Recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization Expert Consultation on the Marketing of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children in the Americas (2011)
- Recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization Expert Consultation on the Marketing of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children in the Americas
- Recommendations from a PAHO expert consultation on marketing food and alcoholic beverages to children- flyer (2011)
- Winners of "Promising Agriculture & Food policies and innovations" competition
The Selection Committee for the Request for Proposals for “Promising Agriculture & Food policies and innovations to better health and nutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean” organized by The Pan American Health Organization, gathered in person in Washington DC, on October 13th to choose the winners.
- Ciclovías recreativas of the Americas: A Public Health Program
The lack of physical activity in today's society is an emerging problem. Ciclovías are one approach for promoting physical activity in communities, thus preventing chronic disease.
In the 21st century, focus has shifted towards the increasing public burden of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. Sedentary lifestyles are one of the main risk factors for chronic disease.
The Ciclovía-recreativa is more than just a bicycle path: it is the temporary closure of streets to motorized traffic, which allows the public to engage in physical activity through running, walking, cycling, and more. Policy-makers, as well as city governments, may find in Ciclovías a rather simple program to effectively promote physical activity in their communities.
- WHO A Guide for Population-Based Approaches to Increasing levels of Physical Activity, 2007
The Forum and Technical Meeting on Population-based Prevention Strategies for Childhood Obesity was held in order to identify priorities for population-based strategies to prevent childhood obesity and to define roles and responsibilities for various stakeholders.
- WHO. Fruit and Vegetables for Health Report of a Joint FAOWHO Workshop, 2004 Fruit and vegetables are an important component of a healthy diet and, if consumed daily in sufficient amounts, could help prevent major diseases such as CVDs and certain cancers. According to The World Health Report 2002, low fruit and vegetable intake is estimated to cause about 31%...
- WHO. Skills-Based Health Education and Life Skills, 2001
Over the decades, educating people about health has been an important strategy for preventing illness and injury. This approach has drawn heavily from the fields of public health, social science, communications, and education. Early experiments with education relied heavily on the delivery of information and facts.