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REGIONAL HEALTH OBSERVATORY


Cardiovascular diseases mortality by major groups of causes

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the Region of Americas. In 2007, CVD accounted for almost 1,6 millions deaths (790,997 in males and 785, 598 in females) and 30% of these deaths occurred prematurely, among people ages 30-69 years.

The burden of deaths by subgroups of causes of deaths can help to identify public health interventions in order to avoid deaths and disabilities due to CVDs. This data visualization display proportion of deaths by major subgroups of causes of deaths within CVDs by year and countries of the Region of the Americas.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) (I00-I99, ICD-10 codes) were grouped in five major subgroups of causes of deaths: Hypertensive diseases (I10-I14), Ischaemic heart disease (I20-I25), Heart failure (I50), Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69) and Others (I00-I09, I25-I45, I46, I47-I49, I51, I70, I71-I99). 

Findings:

In the Region of the Americas from 2000 to 2007 the percentual distribution of CVD deaths were dominated by ischemic heart diseases (43% of all CVD deaths) and Cerebrovascular diseases (22% of all CVD deaths), followed by Hear failure and Hypertensive disease with 9% respectively. The subgroup of Others CVDs account for about 17% of all CVD deaths.

This pattern is common in most of the countries of the Region but there are differences in the proportions of causes of deaths, such as United States in 2007 where 50% of CVD deaths were due to Ischaemic heart diseases. In other countries, Cerebrovascular diseases account for the higher proportion of CVD deaths, such as Brazil (31%).  

In the case of Argentina, Heart failure is the predominant causes of CVD deaths (34% of CVD deaths). 


RELATED CONTENTS

:: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) theme. Regional Health Observatory
:: Cardiovascular diseases. Topic at Regional Health Observatory.

 

 

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