|REGIONAL HEALTH OBSERVATORY|
|Monitoring Regional Targets for the Prevention and Control of NCDs|
Tool for monitoring targets for NCDs
This is a tool for monitoring targets of NCDs in the Region of the Americas.
:: Indicators and targets
Deaths due to NCDs
Premature mortailty due to NCDs.
The strategy for the prevention and control of NCDs has three key components: surveillance, prevention, and health care. Surveillance aims to monitor NCDs and to analyze their social, economic, behavioural and political determinats in order to provide guidance for policy, legistative and finantial measures.
Common, preventable risk factors underlie most noncommunicable diseases. Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).
Health System response
Surveillance for NCDs should cover monitoring of risk factors, health outcomes (mortality and morbidity) and system capacity. Significant progress has been made over the past ten years on risk factor surveillance, including population-based data on the behavioural (harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and tobacco use) and biological risk factors (raised blood glucose, raised blood pressure, abnormal blood lipids and overweight/obesity).
:: UN High level meeting on Non Communicable Diseases
:: Chronic Non-Communicable Disease Program
:: Priorities of cardivascular diseases in the Americas (Full text, pdf)
:: Prevention of cardivascular Diseases. Guidelines for assessment and management of cardivascular risks
:: Global Status Report on NCD
:: Noncommunicable diseases country profiles, 2011
:: Global InfoBase
Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization