The tobacco industry’s interests are irreconcilable with those of public health policy and therefore the industry should not participate in discussions on health, concluded a group of tobacco control experts meeting on 31 May to examine the industry’s tactics for interfering in the Region of the Americas.
On World No Tobacco Day (31 May), PAHO/WHO called on national leaders to be extra vigilant against increasingly aggressive attacks by the industry intended to undermine tobacco control policies.
During an event held at PAHO headquarters, tobacco control experts explored the tactics that the tobacco industry is using in Latin America and the Caribbean, and in the United States, and their similarities with those of the alcohol industry. PAHO also presented an award to Corporate Accountability International, which has sponsored several campaigns against the tobacco industry leading to changes in corporate behavior. Its Latin America Program has made a significant contribution to tobacco control in the region. The organization’s Executive Director, Kelle Louaillier, accepted the award on behalf of the organization.
PAHO Deputy Director Dr. Jon Andrus called on the countries “to protect public health from tobacco industry interference.” He noted that when it comes to measures to combat the tobacco epidemic, “there is one very powerful industry that is not happy.”
“It should come as no surprise to encounter a tobacco industry that continues to undermine our public health attempts to save lives,” said Dr. Andrus. “There is an irreconcilable conflict between the tobacco industry’s interests and the interests of sound public health policy. So it becomes even more important to stand our ground in this critically important area of work, saving more lives more rapidly with good public health policy.”
“We have enough evidence to know that the industry should have no place at forums where health issues are being discussed,” said Dr. Adriana Blanco, PAHO regional advisor on tobacco control.
During the panel discussion, PAHO/WHO consultant Dr. Stella Aguinaga-Bialous explained some of the tactics that the tobacco industry has used in Latin America and the Caribbean, which have intensified since the 2005 entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. In addition to litigation in national courts, she described the industry’s investments in social causes to improve its public image, secret meetings with government officials or political leaders to discuss the terms of tobacco control litigation, and the use of third parties (services associations, anti-tax citizens groups) to espouse its interests.
Dr. Aguinaga-Bialous stressed the importance of ongoing dialogue among countries on this issue since, if a tactic works in one country, the industry will try to apply it in others.
Matthew L. Myers, President of the Tobacco-Free Kids Campaign, offered some examples of this interference in the United States, which includes litigation in state courts arguing that restrictions on tobacco advertising violate the First Amendment right to freedom of expression. “This shows the industry’s willingness to invoke the First Amendment in areas where it has never been used before,” he warned.
He also drew attention to the offensive being waged in commercial courts “designed to challenge government tobacco control policies,” as well as the offensives that have been unleashed in several states that are attempting to tax tobacco products. “Public health interests and those of the tobacco industry are irreconcilable,” affirmed Myers.
For his part, David H. Jernigan, Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, pointed out that the alcohol industry has learned a lot from the tobacco industry, particularly in using corporate social responsibility, looking for evidence-based arguments, and seeking out associations with the public health sector to defend its products. He noted that they are placing their bets on global expansion.
Kelle Louaillier, Executive Director of Corporate Accountability International, noted that the Framework Convention is the most powerful tool that countries have at their disposal in facing off against the tobacco industry. She offered examples of the policies that some countries of the Region have implemented under the Framework Convention to combat the tobacco industry.
“It’s clear our collective work is not yet done. People are still suffering. Big Tobacco is scheming ways to cheat health advances,” said Louaillier. “But saving over 200 million lives in the coming decades is within reach.”
- World No Tobacco Day 2012: Tobacco Industry tactics and plans to undermine tobacco control efforts
- Dia Mundial Sem Tabaco: "A interferência da indústria do tabaco"
- WHO urges to stop the interference of the tobacco industry
- WHO (only in English): Tobacco industry interference: a global brief
- WHO Information Sheet (only in English): Tobacco industry interference
- WHO (only in English): Technical resource for country implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Article 5.3
- WHO Video