Seniors and Blindness Prevention
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that up to 80% of blindness is avoidable and the result of diseases that can be prevented or treated to restore vision. The majority of blind people are over age 50.
To address the problem, countries need national eye care plans that integrate ophthalmological services into primary care systems to ensure people have access to these services.
- Some 65% of people with visual impairment are over age 50, an age group that represents 20% of the global population. As the world’s population ages, the number of people with age-related visual impairment is expected to increase.
- The prevalence of blindness in people 50 and over varies from 2.3% to 3%, according to national surveys. Prevalence is much higher in rural than in urban areas.
- In Latin America, some 60% of cases of blindness overall are due to untreated cataracts, but again the proportion is higher in rural than in urban areas.
- In developed urban areas, about 80% of people with serious visual impairment have access to ophthalmological care, but only 10% have access to such care in rural and remote zones.
Furtado JM, Lansingh VC, Carter MJ, Milanese MF, Peña BN, Ghersi HA, Bote PL, Nano ME, Silva JC. Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment in Latin America. Surv Ophthalmol. 2011 Nov 30
Carter MJ, Limburg H, Lansingh VC, Silva JC, Resnikoff S. Do gender inequities exist in cataract surgical coverage? Meta-analysis in Latin America. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2011 Oct 17.
Limburg H, Silva JC, Foster A. Cataract in Latin America: findings from nine recent surveys. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2009; 25(5):449–55.
Limburg H, Barria von-Bischhoffshausen F, Gomez P, Silva JC, Foster A. Review of recent surveys on blindness and visual impairment in Latin America. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008 Mar; 92(3):315-9.
Beltranena F, Casasola K, Silva JC, Limburg H. Cataract blindness in 4 regions of Guatemala: results of a population-based survey. Ophthalmology. 2007 Aug;114(8):1558-63.
Nano ME , Nano HD , Mugica JM, Silva JC , Montaa G, Limburg H: Rapid assessment of visual impairment due to cataract and cataract surgical services in urban Argentina. Ophthalmic Epidemiology. Jun 14, 2006.