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Case definition: Rubella

Adapted from Epidemiological Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 3, September 1999
  • Rationale for Surveillance
  • Recommended Case Definitions
  • Recommended Surveillance Measures
  • Recommended Minimum Data Elements
  • Principal Use of Data for Decision-Making
  • Main Surveillance Indicators

Rationale for Surveillance


Rubella virus continues to circulate freely in most countries of the region. After a complete investigation, many suspected measles cases are ultimately found to be rubella. Moreover, cases of the Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) have been found in all countries of the Region that have established CRS surveillance systems. This suggests that CRS is a major public health problem in all countries of the Americas.

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