Rubella surveillance should be integrated with measles surveillance. The purpose of rubella surveillance is to detect circulation of rubella virus, not to detect every case of rubella. A separate rubella surveillance system is not needed. All sera from suspected rubella cases which test negative for rubella IgM antibodies should be tested for measles IgM antibodies and vice versa.
Rubella Watch Publications
NIM Rubella Publications
- Rubella Timeline Cron
Ad-hoc Meeting of Experts to Establish Best Practices in CRS Surveillance.
Vaccination Campaing 2007-2008
Vaccination Campaigns Programmed for Rubella and Measles Elimination in the Americas 2007-2008.
Progress Report Rubella
Adult Vaccination Campaigns for Rubella Elimination, The Americas, 1998–2007.
Rubella Case Definition
Case definition: RubellaAdapted from Epidemiological Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 3, September 1999
- Rationale for Surveillance
- Recommended Case Definitions
- Recommended Surveillance Measures
- Recommended Minimum Data Elements
- Principal Use of Data for Decision-Making
- Main Surveillance Indicators
Rationale for SurveillanceIntroduction:
Rubella virus continues to circulate freely in most countries of the region. After a complete investigation, many suspected measles cases are ultimately found to be rubella. Moreover, cases of the Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) have been found in all countries of the Region that have established CRS surveillance systems. This suggests that CRS is a major public health problem in all countries of the Americas.