Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It can cause high fever, join and muscle pain, and headache. Chikungunya does not often result in death, but the joint pain may last for months or years and may become a cause of chronic pain and disability. There is no specific treatment for chikungunya infection, nor any vaccine to prevent it. Pending the development of a new vaccine, the only effective means of prevention is to protect individuals against mosquito bites.
PAHO / WHO received on December 6, 2013 the confirmation of the first cases of autochthonous transmission of Chikungunya virus in the Americas. Existing cases are registered and weekly updated in the following table:
:: Geographic Distribution
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:: Technical guidelines and recommendations
PAHO / WHO recommends that countries with a presence of the transmitting mosquito establish and maintain their capacity to detect and confirm cases; manage patients; and implement an effective communication strategy to reduce the presence of the mosquito. It is also recommended to strengthen laboratory capacity to identify and confirm the virus in a timely manner.
- Information for Healthcare Providers; 2014
- Informação para profissionais de saúde; 2014 (in portuguese)
- Information pour les praticiens de santé. Chikungunya; 2014 (French only)
- Detection and laboratory diagnosis, Chikungunya Surveillance; 2014
- Preparedness and Response for Introduction in the Americas Chikungunya Virus; 2011