Violence against women (VAW) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent two profound problems for development and health. The integration of the policies and programs on comprehensive care for VAW and HIV is an urgently necessary strategy for halting both of these epidemics and for advancing gender equality.
This report shows evidence of the relation between violence and the transmission of HIV to women. It outlines the deciding factors of violence against women (VAW), its relation to heterosexual HIV transmission, and the possible economic impact of both epidemics. Finally, it proposes economic arguments for the use of VAW prevention strategies as a mechanism to achieve the reduction of HIV transmission.
The report includes: