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CHA.HIV. Vulnerable Populations

Vulnerable Populations

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Vulnerable populations are groups that due to biological, environmental or socio-cultural factors have limited or no control over exposure to hazardous or risky situations. These people may not be frequently exposed to risk, but if the exposure occurs they have less power to avoid it or to lessen its damaging effects. Populations vulnerable to HIV include those without information, those without skills or power to negotiate the terms of sexual encounters (notably young and adult women), people with other sexually transmitted infections, those forced to have sexual intercourse or pressed to become sexually active, those who have sex under the influence of alcohol and drugs, prepubescent and adolescent girls, and people whose sexual activities are limited by environmental conditions, such as incarcerated individuals and migrants.

PAHO supports countries in implementing targeted interventions for vulnerable populations, including increased HIV awareness, reduction of stigma and discrimination, programs for sexual health, empowerment and skill-building processes, and greater access to education, health and other services.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 14 May 2013 10:00


Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector: Tool to improve responsiveness to womes's nedds (2009) (WHO)

The Multiple Faces of the Intersections between HIV and Violence Against Women (2008)

Health Care of Transvestite and Transsexual People (2008)

Defining Sexual Health: Report of a Technical Consultation on Sexual Health (2002)

Last Updated on Tuesday, 14 May 2013 10:01


Advocacy Packet on Violence Against Women: Fact Sheet 1, Impact on Human Development and Health

Study on Violence Based on Gender and HIV/AIDS in Belice, Honduras and Nicaragua (November 2005) (ppt spanish only)

Last Updated on Tuesday, 14 May 2013 10:01

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