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mhGAP Mental Health Action Programme

 

Mental, neurological and substance use disorders are highly prevalent and burdensome globally. The gap between what is urgently needed and what is available to reduce the burden is still very wide.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 26 March 2014 15:00
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Informe de la epilepsia

Epilepsia: un reto para la salud pública

Active ImageLa campaña global “Sacando a la epilepsia de las sombras” se lanzó de forma oficial el 19 de julio de 1997 en la ciudad de Ginebra (Suiza) y se deriva de un acuerdo entre la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), la Liga Internacional Contra la Epilepsia (ILAE) y el Buró Internacional para la Epilepsia (IBE).

Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 October 2013 12:39
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Treatment Gap in the Americas

TREATMENT GAP IN THE AMERICAS

A report for the Pan American Health Organization Prepared by:

Robert Kohn, MD1

Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior

The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

? Well-designed epidemiological studies that provide information on the prevalence of mental illness and service utilization of mental health services exist in North America and in a number of countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) for adult populations, as well as for children and adolescents.

? Information on mental health resources and services are available for nearly all countries in the Americas from the World Health Organization (WHO) Atlas projects and the WHO-AIMS (World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems). These databases revealed that disparities continue to exist in mental health services and resources even among high-middle income countries, and that the mental hospital continues to be the focal point of care, despite that a lower treatment gap in schizophrenia is associated with outpatient programs and community follow-up.

? The availability of more representative data of the population of the Americas on mental health services and prevalence of mental illness has provided a better understanding of how wide the treatment gap has emerged for the Region.

? Among adults with severe and moderate affective disorders, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders, the median treatment gap is estimated to be 73.5% for the Americas, 47.2% for North America, and 77.9% for LAC. For all disorders regardless of severity the treatment gap in the Americas is 78.1%. The treatment gap in the United States for schizophrenia is 42.0%, whereas in LAC the treatment gap is 56.4%.

? The median treatment gap for the Americas for children and adolescents is 63.8% and 52.6% for severe mental disorders.

? Mental health services utilization studies of the indigenous population showed a very low use of formal mental health services among the mentally ill.

? Barriers to care continue to need to be bridged, and are one of the main obstacles to reducing the treatment gap.

 

 

Last Updated on Wednesday, 26 March 2014 15:32

Mental Health Policy

The Essential Package for Mental Health Policy, Plan and Services

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The package consists of a series of 14 interrelated user-friendly modules that are designed to address the wide variety of needs and priorities in policy development and service planning. The topic of each module represents a core aspect of mental health. The starting point is the module entitled The Mental Health Context, which outlines the global context of mental health and summarizes the content of all the modules.

Last Updated on Thursday, 08 April 2010 04:54
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Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Protección de la salud mental en situaciones de desastres y emergencias. (898 Kb)

Sample ImageLos efectos de los desastres sobre la salud se manifiestan tanto en lo físico, lo mental y lo social. Tradicionalmente, se ha brindado una atención más detallada solo a los aspectos físicos y sociales. Los programas de salud en las emergencias se han dirigido básicamente a la atención médica inmediata, al problema de las enfermedades transmisibles, agua y saneamiento ambiental, así como los daños a la infraestructura sanitaria.

 

 

Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 April 2009 16:36
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Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
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